Nswer every third question about MICHAEL BAKUNIN with 1-2 paragraph answers
Answer every third question. for example 3, 6, 9, 12, etc. Please use the material you need and the material that is neccesary. Thanks. No citation is needed.
Chronology of Bakunins Life:
Michael Aleksandrovich Bakunin born May 18, 1814 (Russian calander), May 30, 1814
(European calander), in the village of Premukhino in the province of Tvar.
1828 Sent to St. Petersburg to prepare for Artillery School
1829 entered the Artillery School in St. Petersburg.
1832 commissoned as a junior officer and sent to Misk and Grodno in Poland.
1835 resigned commission.
1836 moved to Moscow and studied philosophy.
1836 translated Fichtes Lectures on the Vocation of the Scholar.
1838 March: published Preface to Hegels Gymnasium Lectures.
1840 moved to St. Petersburg and in June to Berlin to study and prepare for a professorship at the university of Moscow.
1842 moved to Dresden and collaborates with Arnold Ruge in publishing Deutsche Jahrbucher.
1842 published Reaction in Germanyin October.
1843 moved to Bern and Zurich, meets Wilhelm Weitling.
February 1844 moved to Paris, via Brussels.
February 1844 ordered home by Russian government.
December 1844 stripped of his nobel status and sentenced in abstensia to hard labor in Siberia.
1844-1847 meets and talks with Proudhon often and Marx occasionally, and is on friendly terms
with George Sand.
November 29, 1847 at the banquet in Paris commemorating the Polish insurrection of 1830,
Bakunin delivered a speech denouncing the Russian government and is subsequently expelled from France. Russian ambassador, in an attempt to discredit Bakunin,
circulates the false rumor that Bakunin is employed by the Russian government to pose as a revolutionary.
1847 expelled from France in December and moved to Brussels where he met Marx again.
February 1848 returned to Paris after February Revolution.
March 1848 met Marx and Engels in Cologne and split begins over Marxs denunciation of
Bakunins friend Herwegh, who had led an ill-fated expedition of German exiles to Baden in the
hope of instigating an uprising.
June 1848 particpated in Slav Congress and insurrection in Prague.
June 1848 Marx publishes false report that Bakunin is a Russian agent responsible for the arrest of
Latter part of 1848 expelled from Prussia and Saxony, and spends the rest of the year in the
principality of Anhalt.
December 1848 Appeal to the Slavs. published.
January 1849 secretly arrived in Leipzig to prepare for an uprising in Bohemia.
April 1849 moved to Dresden.
May 3, 1849 popular rebellion broke out in Dresden and Bakunin emerged as a Heroicleader.
May 9, 1849 the rebellion crushed, Bakunin, Richard Wagner and Heuber escaped to Chemnitz
where Bakunin and Heuber are arrested while Wagner hides in his sisters house and escapes.
January 14, 1850 while held in the Konigstein fortress, Bakunin is condemned to death.
June 1850 death sentence commuted to life imprisonment, after which Bakunin is extradited to
March 1851, after first being jailed in Prague, then Olmutz where he is sentenced to hang. Although
the death sentence is commuted, Bakunin is chained hand and foot to the prison wall and suffers
acutely. Shortly thereafter, he is handed over to the Russians and imprisoned in the dungeons of the
Fortress of Peter and Paul.
1851 Confession to Tsar Nicholas I.
1854 moved toSchusselberg prison where he succumbs to scurvy, causing his teath to fall out.
1857 Tsar Alexander relents, Bakunin is released from prison and sentenced to perpetual exile in
1858 married Antonia Kwiatkowski, a young Polish girl, on October 5 and moved to Irkutsk.
June 1861 Bakunin contrives to escape Siberia, arrives in Nikolavsk in July, sails on the Strelok to
Kastri where he boards an American merchant ship, Vickery, to Hakodate, Japan. Next he makes
his way to Yokohama, and, in October, sails to San Francisco. In November he crosses to New
York, and on December 27, 1861 he arrived in London.
1862 published To My Russian, Polish and Other Slav Friends, and The Peoples Cause:
Romanov, Pugachev, or Pestel?
1863 goes to Stockholm and is reunited with his wife, then back to London, and on to Italy.
Mid-1864 back to Sweden, then London, where he saw Marx, and on to Paris where he renewed
his friendship with Proudhon, finally moving to Italy where he stayed until 1867. He settled first in
1864 founded the journal Liberta e Giustizia.
October 1865 moved to Naples.
1866 founded International Brotherhood, or the Alliance of Revolutionary Socialists.
1867 travels to Geneva, attends and addresses the inaugural Congress of the League for Peace and
Freedom and writes Federalism, Socialism and Anti-Theologism.
September 25, 1868 founds the International Alliance of Socialist Democracy.
July 1868 Bakunin joined the Geneva section of the International Workingmens Association.
Moved to Geneva.
January 1869 secret Alliancedissolved.
March 1869 began his collaboration with Nechaev.
Fall 1869 moved to Locarno and translated first volume of Marxs Das Kapital.
September 1869 attended Basle Congress of International.
March 28, 1870 Marx addessed his Confidential Communicationto his German friends to stir up
hatred against Bakunin by declaring him an agent of the pan-Slavist party from which he allegedly
received 25,000 francs per year.
June 1870 broke relations with Nechaev.
August 1870 Bakunin expelled from the Geneva section of the International due to his support for
the Jura faction.
1870 Published Letters to a Frenchman.
September 9, 1870 left Locarno and arrived in Lyons Sept 15.
September 28, 1870 a popular uprising is suppressed, and Bakunin is forced to flee in the face of
an arrest warrant. He hid in Marseilles.
October 24, 1870 sailed from Marseilles to Locarno.
1870-71 Wrote The Knouto-Germanic Empire, including the sections published posthumously as God and the State.
1871 Wrote The Paris Commune and the Idea of the State and published The Political Theory
of Mazzini and the International.
Summer and Autumn 1872 Bakunin stayed in Zurich.
September 7, 1872 Bakunin expelled from the International at the Hague congress.
1973 Published Statism and Anarchy.
October 12, 1873 Bakunin retired from the struggle and resigned from the Jura Federation.
First half of 1874 spent in Italy where Bakunin lived with Cafiero near Locarno.
July 1874 Bakunin joins his friends in Bologna where they have planned an uprising, but is forced
to return to Switzerland in disguise and settled in Lugano.
1875 in poor health Bakunin traveled to Bern and is hospitalized.
July 1, 1876 at noon Bakunin died.
QUESTIONS on BAKUNINS GOD AND THE STATE
(The numbers are to the pages of the Dover text. I have left you some space.)
1. From the above chronology, about how many times would you say he Moved”? What else do you know about his life? (Introduction) Would you like to be
a revolutionary? Explain.
2. Connect the two faculties that make us different from the other animals to the three fundamental principles that (B says) constitute the essential conditions
of all human development? (pp.9-13)
3. What is an illusion? Give several reasons why Bakunin thinks religion is an illusion? (14-28) What, for instance, is his answer to those who say that
the religious sentiment in human is very old or that almost all of the ancient cultures have religion in them? How are religion and reason related for
4. Pages 28-40 are about liberty and authority. Of what does the liberty of man consist? How does this definition involve the two faculties of question
5. Explain and elaborate upon the meaning of this sentece: We accept all natural authority and all influences of fact, but none of right.”(p.35) What
are some of the different kinds of authority involved?
6.. Why does Bakunin not believe in universal suffrage and