Ntony and Cleopatra: How their Relationship Marked Their Downfall
Instructor: D. Longenbach
RESEARCH PAPER REQUIREMENTS
Each student is expected to submit a formal research paper during the semester. It is considered a
full-scale college research paper, although much shorter than normal. As such is expected to be
of very high quality and reflect on your capabilities to conduct detailed research, examine
important issues and present them in a clear and concise manner. Any topic from Western
History (to 1715) is permissible.
DUE DATES ARE SPECIFIED IN THE SYLLABUS
SOURCES: 20 points
Your sources may not be from the internet, only books, journals or periodicals may be used. You
must have a minimum of 10 sources. Less than 10 sources will count as incomplete and all
points for this section will be lost. Do not use your textbook as a source. Additionally, you are
specifically NOT to use general internet sources such as Wikipedia, Ask, etc. Encyclopedias,
textbooks, videos, and similar generalized sources are not permitted.
STRUCTURE: 10 points
The paper will consist of at least FIVE (5) full pages of text; typed 12 font, double spaced. This
size requirement does not include additional required components of: a Bibliography and Title
Page. The Title Page should include: the course title and number along with the date of
submission and your name. Citations are required, either endnotes or footnotes are acceptable.
Each paper must contain the following:
1. An introduction of the topic. Student will indicate what were their initial thoughts/beliefs
regarding that topic prior to beginning the research. This should require no more than A? of a
page. First Person voice can be used in this portion. 10 points
2. Students will present the information discovered in the course of the research. The
information is to be presented in a direct and detailed manner, without interjection of opinion. Do
not use First Person in this section. This part makes up the bulk of your paper. 40 points
3. Students will present their opinions and comment on the information discovered in the
conclusion. This a?conclusionsa? section should be about a page long. 10 points
Illustrations, charts, etc., if any, are to be presented at the end of the paper as appendices, not
mixed in with the text.
FOOTNOTES AND FORMAT 10 points
The a?MLAa? system of attribution is the minimum standard format. However, students will
receive 5 points of Extra Credit if they use the a?Chicago Manual of Stylea? for footnotes and
Use Times Roman font, 12-pitch typeface
Margins must not exceed 1a? top-bottom-right-left.
Use double-spacing; do not add lines between paragraphs.
Do not skip additional spaces between headings, paragraphs, etc.
OTE: You must use one of the two attribution systems listed above. Failure to use proper
citations in the body of your paper is considered plagiarization (cheating) and will result in a
significant grade reduction.
GOOD ADVICE WHEN WRITING PAPERS AND ESSAYS
a?Verbum sapienti satis esta?
Titus Maccius Plautus
1. Remember this is college.
a. Do not use the first person voice (except where permitted) unless quoting a source.
b. Your style should be FORMAL. I am not your friend whom you are texting or
emailing, I am your Professor who is grading your work.
c. Donat EVER use the word a?youa? except in a quotation.
d. Know the difference between a?youarea? and a?youra? and a?theira?, a?therea? and a?theyarea?.
Be careful, spell check sometimes will give you the wrong version!
e. Quality of work is a very important part of the grade. A last-minute job is always
f. More is Good!
2. Do your best work
3. Do your own work! The purpose of the paper is to learn how to do research and perhaps learn
something about your subject. You will receive a failing grade if you cheat or plagiarize.
4. Donat do a quick a?cut and pastea? from the Internet. Internet papers can always be recognized
because they never go into enough detail and are rarely attributed. And it is my job to check!
5. Earn the extra credit for a?Chicago Manual of Stylea?. If you do this, make sure your Footnotes
and Bibliography are presented in the proper format. If you use this style, I recommend you use
endnotes rather than footnotes. This will make your paper easier to format. Besides, extra credit
is always a good thing!
6. Donat understand how to use MLA or Chicago format? Find out BEFORE writing your paper!
Sources for format information:
Penn States Library has everything you need.
7. Have someone else read your paper before submitting it. This way you may be able to avoid
embarrassing grammatical errors from spell check screw-ups or a poor vocabulary.
8. Submit your paper on time! Your grade will be reduced if you did not obtain permission for a
9. If you wait until the last minute, it will be a rushed job and quality will suffer. After grading
many hundreds of essays and term papers over the years, I usually can recognize a paper which
was slapped together at the last minute. Complete the assignment ahead of time, then relax and
enjoy your leisure while laughing at everyone else as they sweat the deadline!
PLEASE HAVE 10 BOOK SOURCES PLEASE!
10. DO NOT PLAGIARIZE! Always attribute your work. There is no quicker way to earn a
failing grade. If you donat understand this statement, please see me and I will be glad to clarify.