Nvironmental management by companies a a critical evaluation of progress


In 1962 Rachel Carson in her groundbreaking book Silent Spring a suggested that we stood at a point where two roads diverged. The first road along which we had long been travelling was deceptively easy, a smooth super-highway on which we had progressed at great speed, but at its end lay disaster. The other fork in the road offered our last chance to reach a destination that assured the preservation of the Earth.

Taking the environmental-type reporting of three multi-national companies and evidence from the press of these companiesa relationship to the environment a critically evaluate the 1962 view of Rachel Carson fifty years on. Which road have the companies taken? What does the future hold a disaster or preservation of the Earth? Has adoption of Environmental Management Systems by companies led to any real change in our relationship to the planet?

Word limit: 4,000 words.

The assignment should be written in essay format with full referencing using the Harvard system.
1) Structure of the essay. It will typically contain the following sections:
1. Introduction and background to the study
2. Literature review
3. Findings and discussion
4. Conclusions and recommendations
5. References

2) Assessment criteria for the essay
The essay will be marked out of 100 split as follows:
Understanding of the issues in environmental management
by companies 20
Ability to review literature critically 20
Ability to outline three companiesa relationship with the environment
(both from the companiesa own reporting and from press comments) 40
Ability to conclude on the progress (or not) made by the companies 20

3) Sources of information for the essay
A selection of journal articles will be posted on blackboard.
Companies normally publish environmental-type information in sustainability reports.
Press evidence in print or electronic is acceptable. Where possible include press cuttings as an appendix to the assignment.


Blair,A. and Hitchcock, D (2001) Environment and Business; Routledge
Hyde, P. & Reeve, P (2011) Essentials of environmental management. Iosh publication.
Sharma (2010) Environmental Management. KSK Publishers New Delhi. This is available only as a Kindle Edition (A?3.27)

Welford, R (ed) (1996) Corporate Environmental management a systems and strategies; Earthscan
Welford, R (ed) (1997) Corporate Environmental management a culture and organisations; Earthscan
Von Weizsacher, E., Lovins, A.B., and Lovins, L.H. (1997) Facor Four a doubling wealth, halving resource use; Earthscan
Zadek, S., Pruzan, P., and Evans, R. (1997) Building Corporate Accountability; Earthscan
Welford, R. (1997) Hijacking Environmentalism: Corporate responses to sustainable development; Earthscan
Frankel, C. (1998) In Earthas company: business, environment and the challenge of sustainability; NSP
Andriof,J. and McIntosh, M. (ed) (2001) Perspectives on corporate citizenship; Greenleaf
Hawken, P. (1993) The ecology of commerce: a declaration of sustainability; Harper Business

Greener Management International
Corporate Social Responsibility
Business Strategy and the Environment
Sustainable Development
Journal of Environmental Management
Business and Society
The Journal of Corporate Citizenship
Journal of Business Ethics