O culture and claims to human rights stimulate or limit change in international order?

This question refers primarily to Part 2 of Ordering the International and the models of international order and debates about its transformation discussed in Part 4. As well as Part 2 and Part 4, you might find it helpful to review different concepts of power discussed in Chapter 2 of Reordering the International (DU301 Supplement). Also of relevance is the debate between universality and particularity from Chapter 3 of Ordering the International. Online Activity 6 will also provide some key additional material. You might find it helpful to draw on the framework of analysis deployed in Chapters 1, 14 and 15 of Ordering the International, though this should be used carefully, as a way of organizing your discussion, not as a substitute for discussing the analytical and theoretical issues at stake in the question.

You are expected to show a good grasp of some different models of international order and theories of transformation and how they conceptualize change in the international arena. The question assesses your understanding of the debates about the role of culture and your ability to consider them within different models of international order and theories of transformation. While cultural and rights claims indicate an emphasis on the sociocultural sector, you need to consider how other sectors are affected too. You might want to review how culture was conceptualized (especially Chapters 6 and 9). The models of international order and particularly the debates about transformation can be used to think about the role of cultural and rights claims in changing the international order. You should draw on at least two, but no more than four, of the models and theories from Part 4 Ordering the International, as trying to cover more than this often leads to superficial treatments of the subject. You will find it useful to draw on Audio Programme 6 in particular though you may also find useful material in Audio Programmes 5, 7 and 8. For examples and material to support your argument, you can draw on any of the module material that focuses on culture and rights, as well as on materials that you have sourced yourself. In terms of the latter you should aim to use two academic journal articles and three other internet-based sources, or a roughly equivalent amount from other sources such as books etc. (See Preparing for the module essay in Study Guide 2 for more details.)

The key to a good answer is a clear structure that locates the key issues to be discussed, puts forward a coherent argument in response to the question and selects and uses models of international order and theories of transformation appropriate to the argument put forward. You will need to think carefully about the evidence you can use to support your argument or to illustrate the main points that you want to make. Note that the emphasis in terms of assessment is on evaluation and application of models, theories and concepts, not on the extent of your empirical knowledge. You therefore need to be selective in the use of evidence to support and illustrate your analysis. This supporting evidence might come from other parts of the module or from materials you have sourced elsewhere.