O EU Trade Policies Help or Hurt Developing Countries?

Essay topic: Do EU trade policies help or hurt developing countries?

The essay must be between 3800 to 4200 words. Intext referncing and Bibliography is excluded from the word count.

It will be appreciated if the essay is composed using a?easy, simple Englisha words/sentence structure (UK spelling and Grammar). You should avoid using too much complicated sentences. Harvard Referencing is to be followed throughout the essay, containing sufficient in-text referencing throughout the essay, where appropriate. It must be fully referenced.
Spelling and grammar should comply UK/British rules.A bibliography at the end is compulsary.

The essay plan has to be stated in the introduction. the argument should be sufficiently analytical. the overall structure of the argument should be clear, coherent and in a logical sequence. there must be critical reflection supporting the analysis. Please be extremely cautious about plagiarism.

The use of online academic articles/journals relevant to the essay topic is highly recommended. Please try to use book sources not more than 2-3 to support theories and analysis.

These articles may be useful:

Koopman, G. and Wilhelm, M. (2010) EU Trade Policy in the Age of Bilateralism

Sbragia, A. (2010) The EU, the US and Trade Policy: Competitive Interdependence in the Management of Globalization

Davis, L. (2009) Ten Years of Anti-Dumping in the EU Economic and Political Targeting

This links(sources) might be useful:

Trade and Inequality Revisiteda?

For an investigation on labour conditions:
BBC Panorama Programme Gap and Nike: No Sweat? Sunday October 15 2000 Full transcript at:

Roderick Abbott, EU Trade Policy: Approaching a Crossroads Briefing Paper July 2008

For information on the EUas LomA© and Cotonou conventions see the ODI website:

Commissionas Communication a?Trade, Growth and World affairsa?.

a?TRADE AS A DRIVER OF PROSPERITYa? Commission staff working document accompanying the Commissionas Communication on

Voxeu Debate: The future of EU Trade Policy

P.Krugman a?Trade and inequality, revisiteda? 2007

Rights Of Exchange Sept 2000.
uk/innovation/ 2000/trade/rights.shtml 13k 18 Dec 2002

P.Krugman, Competitiveness a dangerous obsession, Foreign Affairs, 1994 in
P.Krugman, Pop Internationalism, MIT Press, 1996
eds.A.Jacquemin & L.Pench, Europe Competing in the Global Economy, 1997





Other sources:
The US Institute for International Economics site has lots of new materials:

See also the overseas development institute (ODI)
/g. oecd.org,
and see websites referred to under each topic.

There are also a large number or campaigning groups with anti-globalisation sites.
for a radical view

J. Bhagwati

Nouriel Roubini

O EU Trade Policies Help or Hurt Developing Countries?

I have alresdy finish my outline of the essay ,and my tutor reply me as well
Do EU Trade Policies Help or Hurt Developing Countries?
The European Union has had a huge impact in the trade policies in developing countries. The EU is made up of 15 members who have the same currency which is the euro. Members of EU have integrated in the they have similar policies for agriculture, similar tariffs on external trade, similar competition policies to avoid unfair trade and the rules governing movement of people, commodities, services and capital also have similar rules regulating them (Hoekman and Kostecki 2001).
Trade relationships between the EU and developing countries have changed drastically in the past few years. EU also consumes about 40% of what developing countries exports. Most of the agricultural imports by the EU usually originate from the developing countries (Moseley 2000). This has a positive impact on the developing countries foreign reserves.
EU has established various preferential trade regimes with the aim of boosting developing countries in trade especially with disposing off its exports (Moseley 2000). These preferential trade regimes include: generalized system of preferences that mainly deals with giving developing countries unilateral tariff preference. Some exports by developing countries were made duty free hence fetching high market prices. Cotonou agreement with ACP members (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific) under this agreement EU treats imports from these countries in a special way due to its historical attachments to them.
EU policies help developing countries by providing a predictable trading partner through contracts and being committed to political stability of these countries (Hoekman and Kostecki 2001). EU offers incentives to developing countries rather than imposing sanctions which are unfavorable. These incentives are in form of duty free exports and reduced tariffs. EUas trade policies strive to ensure access of market globally by developing countries.
tutor reply:The first part of the outline is very general and you dont need to spend much time on it.

The key point that you need to discuss is that many authors, eg Chris Stevens (look him up), argue that EU preferences are not very effective
1. because most tariffs are low and so preferences are not worth a lot except in agriculture where preferences are less, except for EBAcountries who have supply constraints
2. The impact is more to favour some countries at the expense of others rather than to increase total EU imports.
Look up Preference erosionto see how countries react to the EU suggesting it will lower its tariffs further
could you pls do it as the tutpr said