O pupils have information about peer mediation and its effectiveness and how does school support the goals and process of peer mediation?

My research proposal topic is  Do pupils have information about peer mediation and its effectiveness and how does school support the goals and process of peer mediation?

This is a  Research Proposal , do not need to do real research.
This research proposal should include 4 parts (Introduction, Methodology, Ethical Issues and Literature Review)
Introduction + Methodology + Ethical Issues 1000 words
Literature Review 2500 words

1) Introduction
This should set out what you are proposing to research and why. You should clearly identify the key questions/hypotheses your research will address. It should also aim to place the research in context and show why it is a relevant/important/interesting subject (imagine you are competing with dozens of other research proposal for research fundingyou will need to convince the reader of the value of your proposed study)
ex) Why peer mediation is important?


2) Methodology
This section should provide a brief discussion of your chosen methodology. It should include practical information about your research methods (e.g. the method for selecting an interview sample) as well as reference to relevant theory which underpins your study.

Ex)
Methodology -(1) Questionnaire
Firstly I will use questionnaire method for the research. This questionnaire has a purpose to investigate children s general understanding about peer mediation and their experiences with peer mediation (how children use peer mediation to solve their disputes with their peers) and their views and opinions about that.

** The sample for questionnaire
The ages that I have chosen for this proposal are youngsters age between 10 to 13 years. I will be looking at genders, boys and girls from 20 schools. I have decided to pick 8 students from each school and these 6 students will be 4 boys and 4 girls.
To reach this sample I will be in contact with the schools. I will approach the schools, explaining to them my proposal, asking for one member of staff to take responsibility of the proposal.
I am going to use stratified sampling for this research. I am going to target 160 children through the student records in the primary school and 160 children in sampling frame are divided into the strata. The stratifying criterion will be schools, levels of the year (year of the study in the primary school) and gender.

Even though the stratified sampling takes more time and needs more money than other methods of sampling does, the stratified sampling can reduce sampling errors and represent whole people. Therefore, a sample of 160 children can represent many children through the random selection. Furthermore, an important aspect of stratification is that it can be used to select more than one stratifying criterion. It gives more accurate proportional representation of different criterions, so if children are divided into strata (schools, gender and year of level), I can get more accurate results about children s opinion about peer mediation. In addition, I can compare what kinds of disputes children have with their peers or how children use peer mediation to solve their disputes according to the schools, gender and year of level of children.

-Methodology(2) Interview
I am going to interview with teachers about how school support the process of peer mediation. I am going to ask whether school provide well-planned peer mediation programmes (e.g. training) or not. And I am going to ask how school evaluate and monitor the process of peer mediation. Furthermore, I am going to ask their opinions about peer mediation and its effectiveness.


3) Ethical Issues
You should include reference to any ethical issues raised by your research and how you would propose to address them.


4) Literature Review (The main body of this research proposal)
A literature review is a key chapter in any research project. It aims to answer the question  What do we know about this topic from other work? As such, it sets the context for your study. It should be more than a bibliography or list of useful sources. The review should be a discussion in your own words of the key themes and issues, associated with particular authors, which are relevant to your proposed area of research. On some topics the literature will be very extensive and your review will need to be selective. On other topics, there will be little materialan important research finding in its own rightand you might want to discuss why this appears to be an under researched area.

Ex)
Literature Review
* What is peer mediation?
What peer mediation is
The development of peer mediation in schools in the UK.

* What is the effectiveness of peer mediation?
Benefits to pupils
Benefits to peer mediators
Benefits to school climate

* How do schools support the process of peer mediation?
Thus peer mediation can have positive effects on student conflict resolution and school climate. Yet the incompleteness of our knowledge, combined with occasional failures in peer mediation, suggests that success is not automatic. Rather, the benefits of peer mediation may depend on how well the programme is planned and carried out. Therefore, schools need to understand and support the processes of peer mediation.

How do schools support the process of peer mediation?
1) Schools need to provide effective peer mediation programme
Planning
Training
2) Schools need to monitor and evaluate the process of peer mediation



** Bibliography
Baginsky, W. (2004) Peer mediation in the UK: A guide for schools, London; NSPCC
Cowie, H. & Sharp, S. (1996) Peer Counselling in Schools: A Time to Listen, London: David Fulton
Cowie, H & Wallace, P. (2000) Peer Support in Action, London: Sage
Hawley, C. (1997) Teacher talk: Peer mediation, CAFS
/uk/media/981/43/randd-publications-catalogue-2005-06.pdf (Accessed 02.03.06)
Tyrrell, J. (2002) Peer mediation: A process for primary schools, London: Souvenir Press
NSPCC : Peer mediation in the UK
PeerMediationInTheUK_asp_ifega26198.html