O-regulation and Self-regulation: Socialization, Behavior, and School Achievement

Co-regulation, the sharing of social power between parent and child, is a transitional stage in the control of behavior in which there is an emotional reciprocity, co-responsiveness, and cooperation. During the elementary school years, children begin to have more of a choice in their daily activities and more opportunity to practice making decisions and taking responsibility for their decisions while parents continue to monitor their activities and behavior and to exercise control as needed. For example, a child may ask a parent if he/she can invite a friend over to spend the night. The parent may respond by asking what the plans might be for the overnight. The child might respond that they will play games, watch movies, and would like to go swimming on Saturday. The parent replies Yesas long as the child completes his homework, the children keep the noise down during the night, and pick up the room before going to the mall. Co-regulation can promote two way communication between parent and child, lead to fewer behavior problems, and strengthen the parent-child bond.
Identify and discuss ways in which parents promote the socio-emotional and cognitive development of children during the elementary school years. Include an explanation of the concept of self-regulation and how it is related to the concept of co-regulation, child socialization, behavior, and parent-child relationships, What are the implications for childrens school achievement and parental involvement? What are the implications for teachers and others who work with children?
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