Oes being involved in a group music project help to promote the self-esteem of the young people at Integrate Bristol?
Note: PLEASE PUT THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IN OWN WORDS BUT STILL WITH THE SAME SOURCES (OR OTHERS IF THEY DO SO FIT) I HAVE COPIED AND PASTED THIS FROM A JOURNAL. BUT ITS SAYING WHAT I WANT TO SAY.
I HAVE ALREADY WRITTEN ABOUT INTEGRATE BRISTOL SO PLEASE DONT WRITE ABOUT THIS IN THE LITERATURE REVIEW.
A commonly accepted definition of self-esteem is the i??evaluation which the individual makes and customarily maintains with regard to himself, expressed as an attitude of approval or disapprovali?? (Rosenberg, 1965, p. 5). Self-esteem is an ongoing developmental process and is influenced by new situations and events. Positive experiences lead to higher evaluations of self-esteem, while failure or rejection lead to a decline in self-esteem (Mruk, 1995). Generally, adolescents are more keenly concerned with their self-image and what others think of them than other age groups. Social acceptance and interpersonal relationships have a significant affect on selfesteem (Nunley, 1996). Friendships are known to contribute to self-esteem from adolescence through adulthood (Cauce, Mason, Gonzales, Hiraga, & Liu, 1994; Franco & Levitt, 1998). Support from close family members has also been associated with higher self-esteem for children and adolescents (Halter, 1998). Self-esteem was operationally defined as the score on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) (Rosenberg, 1989).
Additional areas that affect self-esteem identified by Feldman and Elliot were social success and school transition. This success may include confidence in appearance, academic ability, athletic ability, and social belonging. Adolescents who do not experience a sense of belonging exhibit lower self-esteem. Female adolescents are vulnerable to low self-image in later adolescence.
All of the singers involved were young women. One of the most frequent findings from research during the 1970s was girls report lower self-esteem than boys particularly around puberty. Girls seem to be troubled more by interpersonal relationships and these findings possibly reflect societal views that orient females toward interpersonal, family, and psychological concerns (Simmons & Rosemberg, 1975). This was something that I became aware of throughout my research; the young people were constantly redoing their make up and taking photographs of themselves and each other. I must take into consideration that this research is now very dated however Harris (2006) also discusses how, i??Depression and self-esteem may be viewed as a vicious cycle, the inability to relate positively in social situations may lead to low self-esteem, which leads to depression.i?? HOW DOES THIS RELATE????
The majority of participants were also from a mixture of BMER (Black and Minority Ethnic) backgrounds. Levels of self-esteem must also be considered in the context of racial and ethnic differences, in a report by the Department of Health (2009) it says, i??People from black and minority ethnic (BME) communities tend to have poorer health, a shorter life expectancy and have more difficulty in accessing health care than the majority of the population. Dental health is an area of particular concern for the minority communities in the UKi??s multicultural society.i?? MAKE A POINT HERE…DO NOT TO STEREYPTYPE BUT RECOGNISE.
I also researched specifically into Feminist Therapies and Feminist Music Therapies because main body of participants that I work with are predominantly female and have experienced some form of marginalisation and oppression whether it be to themselves, a family member of a friend, all of this will of course impact on the individuals self-esteem. DISCUSS MUSIC THERAPY/FEMINIST THEORIES EXAMPLES HERE
SOMETHING ABOUT ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS.
Note: WHAT WOULD I LIKE TO HAVE RESEARCHED INTO FURTHER? The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale…?