Oes post-development represent the End of developmentor a new way of thinking about how development should be promoted?Explain.

Examine more radical and possibly conservative critiques of development. For some thinkers, the development era has come to an end because many countries are no longer Developing”, and/or the promises of development are considered to be a hoax.

Essential reading:
1) M. Rahnema 1997 Towards post-development:Searching for signposts, a new language and new paradigmin M. Rahnema and V. Bawtree eds. The post-development reader,Zed.
2)A.Escobar 1995 Development Planningin S. Corbridge ed. Development Studies: A Reader, Arnold.
3) S.Matthews, Post-development theory and the question of alternatives: a view from Africa,Third World Quaterly, 25(2),2004,pp.373-384.

Recommended reading:
1) J. Sidaway 2002 Post-developmentin V.Desai and R.Potter eds. 2002 The Companion to Development studies,Arnold,ch.1.4
2)G.Rist 2002 The history of development”,Zed.
3)W.Sachs ed. 1992 The development dictionary, Zed,esp.ch.by G.Esteva.
4)T.Parfitt 2002 The end of development,Pluto,ch.2 (esp.pp.28-44)