Oes UN peacekeeping work? Give reasons for your answer.

This essay is part of a module called International Organization: The UN System, and is a Stage 2 Undergraduate piece of coursework, equal to 50% of the final mark for the specific module.

As for the structure, you could provide a brief background for the UN Peacekeeping(say 600-750 words), and discuss the shift from the Cold War peacekeeping period to the post-Cold War peacekeeping period since 1991 but dont dwell on it too much. An interesting question that you could bring into the discussion is this: Contemporary peace keeping is not a purely altruistic enterprise. If not, do you think this invalidates the sense and the utility of the mission? Another good question that you could take into account is this: Paris Roland claims peace operations should be construed as a modern version of the colonial-era mission civilisatrice, at least insofar as these operations involve the transmission of norms of appropriate or a?civiliseda conduct from the core of the international system to the peripherya. Do you agree?

However, if you do not feel comfortable and you are not sure about adding these questions in the discussion do not worry. I just provided them so that you can have some more discussion topics.

Mainly, the focus should be on whether UN peacekeeping works as an instrument or not, while providing case studies to support your answer, then discuss where and why things have gone wrong or not, and if there are any areas for improvement.

The main attention should thus be given in critically analyzing and discussing the work-ability and applicability of UN peacekeeping.

If you have any questions on whatever matter, please feel free to contact me at any time.

Finally, below I provide you with a reading list that is part of the curriculum for the topic of the essay. I do not specifically want to base the essay on them, just find your sources that you think are best for the discussion of the topic. However, I would like you to include some the sources in the bibliography, no matter if you use them or not.

Doyle, Michael W. and Nicholas Sambanis, a?International Peacebuilding: A Theoretical and Quantitative Analysis,a American Political Science Review 94, no. 4 (2000): 779-801

Fortna, Virginia Page. a?Does Peacekeeping Keep Peace? International Intervention and the Duration of Peace After Civil War,a International Studies Quarterly 48, no.2 (2004): 269-292.

Paris, Roland a?International Peacebuilding and the a?Mission Civilisatricea?,a Review of International Studies 28, no. 4 (2002): 637-56.

Bellamy, Alex, Paul D. Williams and Stuart Griffin. Understanding Peacekeeping 32nd ed. (Cambridge: Polity, 2010)

Berdal, Mats. Building Peace After War (London: Routledge, 2009).
Berdal, Mats and Spyros Economides (Eds), United Nations Interventionism, 1991-2004, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007)

Chandler, David. a?Limits of Peacebuilding: International Regulation and Civil Society Development in Bosnia,a International Peacekeeping 6, no.1 (1999):109-125

Cunliffe, Philip. Legions of Peace: UN Peacekeepers from the Global South (Hurst: 2013), esp. chs. 2-3, 6

David, Charles-Phillippe. a?Does Peacebuilding Build Peace a Liberal (Mis)steps in the Peace Process,a in Security Dialogue 30, no.1 (1999): 25-41

Diehl, Paul. Peace Operations (Cambridge: Polity, 2008).

Doyle, Michael W. and Nicholas Sambanis. Making War and Building Peace: United Nations Peace Operations (Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2006)

Fortna, Virginia Page. Does Peacekeeping Work? Shaping Belligerentsa Choices after Civil War (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007)

Howard, Lise Morje. UN Peacekeeping in Civil Wars (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008)
MacQueen, Norrie. Peacekeeping in the International System (London: Routledge, 2008).

Paris, Roland a?Peacebuilding and the Limits of Liberal Internationalism,a International Security 22, no. 2 (1997): 54-89

Paris, Roland. a?Saving liberal peacebuildinga Review of International Studies 36, no. 2 (2010): 337-365

Paris, Roland. a?Peacekeeping and the Constraints of Global Culture,a European Journal of International Relations 9, no. 3 (2003): 441-73.

Paris, Roland a?Broadening the Study of Peace Operations,a International Studies Review 2, no. 3 (2000): 27-44.

Pugh, Michael. a?Peacekeeping and Critical Theorya International Peacekeeping, (2004): 39-58

Pugh, Michael. a?The political economy of peacebuilding: a critical theory perspective,a International Journal of Peace Studies 10, no.2 (2005): 23-42

Talentino, Andrea K. a?Intervention as Nation-Building: Illusion or Possibility?a Security Dialogue 33, no. 1 (2002): 27-43

Whitworth, Sandra. Men, Militarism and UN Peacekeeping: A gendered analysis (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2004)

P.S. I dont have to tell you that the penalties for plagiarism are extremely strict in my academic institution, so please be careful.