Ollective Security: World Ignoring Peace Keepers

Collective Security: World Ignoring Peace Keepers
After facing with the largest catastrophes in human history, people over the world began to dream of a better and continuous peace on earth. In fact, the idea of world peace is a relatively recent idea, which eventually caused birth of the concept of collective security. The United Nations, one of the most active, renowned, and big collective security institutions, produced and established numerous programs and resolutions intended to reduce all the factors leading to outbreaks in any kind of both domestic and foreign conflicts. Due to its important purpose as a peace keeper, many countries put their hopes on the United Nations and its Security Council. Despite its growing significant roles, however, because of its excessively complicated and huge structure, the recent United Nationsa Security Council not only made slow progress in solving conflicts, but also lost fame by arrogantly intervening in a dispute. As illustrated its insufficient movements especially in Somalia, Rwanda, and Kosovo war, the United Nationsa Security Council continuously failed arbitration or even catalyzed the conflicts due to its imprudent intervention, proving its lack of specific countermeasures and practical use of power. (Thesis-is it argumentative enough?)
In spite of much of expectation and support from the world, UN Security Councilas first peacekeeping mission to Somalia greatly failed because of their insufficient information about Somali and their situation. Piracy off the coast of Somalia, appeared in 1991 after the Somali Civil War, has been a threat not only to domestic shipping but also international shipping. Somali pirates not only attacked hundreds of vessels in their neighbor Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean region, but they also indiscriminately hijacked numerous fishing boats including Chinese and South Korean. (_citation__) Due to the piratesa increasing brutality, many international organizations, such as the International Maritime Organization and the World Food Program, have expressed strong concern over the rise in acts of piracy (Rotberg, pg. 160).
Realizing anxiety and magnitude of the problem in Somalia, UN Security Council, in April 1992, set up a peace mission in Somalia which was referred to as United Nations Operations in Somalia (UNOSOM I) and whose role was to ensure humanitarian relief is provided to the Somali citizens (Macqueen, pg. 258). However, UN failed to notice Somalias following reaction towards it; In fact, the Security Councilas approach seemed unnecessary interference to Somali. Even though General Mohamed Farrah later wrote to the Security Council to withdraw its troops from Somalia, the United Nations planned to send more three thousand troops to Somalia during a meeting in August 1992 (Macqueen, pg. 290). Such thoughtless decision eventually caused not only the counterattacks of Somali pirates became more violent, but also the impression towards UN of Somali citizens became unfavorable. Therefore, the first mission ended unsuccessfully and even the General declared that Somalis would be hostile against any United Nations troops send to the country (Macqueen, pg. 297).
Ignoring General Mohamed Farrahas warning, the United Nations sent the second peacekeeping mission to Somalia in March 1993 without reorganizing their diverse troops from many countries. This mission was referred to United Nations Operations in Somalia II (UNOSOM II). The operations had the role of creating a friendly environment to allow for execution of humanitarian operations in the country (Macqueen, 297). This second plan came out after the failure by UNOSOM I and the Unified Task Force (UNITAF) to maintain peace in the country. However, UNas support could not change Somali citizensa hostile attitude; their humanitarian food relief failed to reach the citizens because of both the piratesa plunderage and UN militaryas interception. In addition, because UN Security Council troops consisted of various countries that have participated in UN, they had a lot of difficulty in uniting communication and strategy. Their second peacekeeping efforts, therefore, broke down, and in December 1994, United Nationsa Security Council even concluded through the resolution 954 that the mission had failed (Rotberg, pg. 167). They then agreed to withdraw all their troops from Somalia by March 1995. Generally UNOSOM II failed also in its role of bringing peace in Somalia, capturing Aidid, disarming the militias and also the main role of restructuring of the Somali government (Rotberg, pg. 167). Because of such great failure in Somalia despite all the expectation and hope, the United States and other countries took away many parts of UNas privileges and resources.
The problem of Somali piracy continues till today left unsolved by UN Security Council; now many other international institutions that were disappointed by UNas insufficient achievements try to find out another way to solve global conflicts without entire support of Security Council. The aftermath of preventing Somali piracy did not end up in getting UN disgraced, but it even affected and limited UNas future movements on other global problem such as genocide in Rwanda.
In the case of genocide in Rwanda, which happened in 1994, United Nations Security Council remembering its previous mistake in Somalia case hesitated from intervening and finally missed opportunity of protecting innocent lives in Rwanda. The genocide in Rwanda initiated with the death of the Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, when his plane was shot down on April 1994 (Rwanda: BBC News). Then a French judge expedited the matter greatly by blaming the leader of a Tutsi rebel group, Paul Kagame, and some of his close associates for carrying out the rocket attack (Rwanda: BBC News). Caused by conflicts between two groups, Hutu and Tutsi, a campaign of violence at the capital of Rwanda rapidly spread out throughout the country and eventually resulted Africaas largest genocide in modern times: a?Between April and June 1994, an estimated 800,000 Rwandans were killed in the space of 100 daysa? (Rwanda: BBC News).
Such horrible incident in Rwanda terrified the world, and it immediately alerted the collective security organizations including United Nations. However, members of UN council did not accurately perceive the threat, then the actuality of genocide, because conflicts between the Hutu and the Tutsi had been involved in a civil war since 1990. Failed to recognize the seriousness, United Nations tempted to intervene into Rwanda civil war too late without any preparation and countermeasure towards horrible genocide. (Rwanda paragraph i”  i§? e?? i??i??)
(BBC News /news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/1288230.stm)
Not only hesitated from helping out and resolving conflict, the United Nations Security Council even interrupted other collective security organization, such as NATO, in saving guiltless people at the genocide in Kosovo. In the case of Kosovo, the international community was aware of the fact that the Yugoslavian government was committing a systemized form of genocide against the ethnic Albanians in Ksovo. (_____) In addition, western media outlets reports indicated that the victims of the ethnic cleansing were mostly of Albanian descent and the situation was worsening. President Clinton and other world leaders could no longer let President Milosevic, who commanded the a?ethnic cleansinga? in Kosovo, to continue his destructive agenda. So they employed NATO, instead of UN which could not carry out their peacekeeping plan into actions, to intervene for the purpose of implementing peace throughout the chaotic region.
Although United Nations Security Councilas intention to save innocent lives who were suffering from the genocide in Kosovo is noble, UN Security Council failed to quickly decide whether they should intervene or not, and how they should hold the violence. In