Ommunity-Based Needs and Capacity Assessment Processes
Read three examples of the application of prototype indicator sets from IOM, and combine the prototype indicator sets with the use of the community-based data collection methods discussed in Gilmore. Select one of the three prototype indicator sets (A.1 Breast and Cervical Cancers, A.8 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases, or A.9 Violence). After selecting one indicator set, review the four community-based needs and capacity assessment approaches (community capacity assessment, community forum, participant observation, or photovoice) and select the one you feel would be most effective in collecting additional, community-based information about this issue. Support your decision to use this approach and briefly discuss who you would want to meet with/include in these assessments (for ex., if you chose to use participant observation to further explore issues of violence, you would support this decision by discussing the reasons participant observation would work best to collect additional information. The second step would be to discuss what group(s) you would want to observe and what types of cues you would be looking for during your observation.).
Community-Based Needs and Capacity Assessment Processes
1. Gilmore Chapter 8
IOM Report Appendices A.1, A.8, A.9
Gilmore, G. (2011). Needs and capacity assessment strategies for health education and health promotion (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Institute of Medicine (IOM). (1997). Improving health in the community: A role for performance monitoring. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.