Ompare and contrast any two European countries
Compare and contrast any two European countries over social exclusion/marginalisation.
In the text, do not use footnotes for references; do not use ibid or op cit;
do not distinguish between a reference list and a bibliography at the end of the essay. The purpose of using parentheses (brackets) in the text is to refer the reader to a single bibliographic section at the end of the essay, not to a multitude of lists;
references in the text should correspond exactly to those in th bibliography, and, obviously, vice-versa
brackets in the text should look like the following: (Ginsburg, 1992) or (Ginsburg, 1992, p. 158) or (Ginsburg, 1992, pp.158-66). It depends upon how specific your reference is meant to be.