Ompare and contrast dominating scientific theory on how the Grand Canyon was formed
Compare and contrast dominating scientific theory on how the Grand Canyon was formed.
a? Remember that this is a research paper, so you should explain causes and effects of a natural process or phenomenon that you are researching.
Review the origin of the natural phenomenon or the process of your interest, its causes, and effects it produces on the natural environment and the society. Use the materials available in:
a? lecture notes
a? any relevant library book(s)
a? any relevant website(s)
a? You may some web-based non-scholarly sources of information but be careful when using them (for example, Wikipedia may sometimes give imprecise information so be cautious about the quality of your sources). Use good judgment in selecting your research paper sources.
a? You may not use blogs or YouTube videos
You should use at least THREE (3) information sources, at least TWO (2) of which is a published source (either a science journal article or a book different from your textbook).The quality of your paper will be much higher if you use published sources, especially books or peer-reviewed journals.
Write a short essay on the topic of your interest using all the above mentioned sources of information. Focus on the following:
a? the origin of the process or phenomenon
a? the comparative analysis of two processes or phenomena
a? causes and effects of the process or phenomenon (especially on the other geographic spheres, the environment, and the society)
a? what progress has been made lately in understanding and explaining it (or a short history of the research if applicable).
Formatting: double-spaced, 1-inch margins all around. Nothing more than your name and the date should be on the top right hand side of the paper. No cover page. A descriptive title should be at the top-center of the first page. Pages should be numbered.
Very important: all information sources should be cited both within the text and in the alphabetical order at the end in the form of a reference list.
Make a reference list of all information sources you used in your paper and place it at the end of the paper.
For a book, indicate authoras name, book title, publisher, year it was published, and pages cited.
Example: R. W. Christophersen 2010, Elemental Geosystems 6th Edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, p. 326-327.
For a journal article, indicate authoras name, article title, journal title, year published and volume number, article pages.
Example: Malle, S. (2008). Economic Transformation in Russia and China. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 49 (4), pp. 410-444
For a website, give a complete web address and its title or topic.
Example: Economic Geography, Economic_geography, accessed October 2, 2012
In the text, you must cite your reference sources at the end of each paragraph where this source was used even if you were not quoting it directly.
Example: (Christophersen 2010)
Do not use quotation marks in your paper unless it is a direct quote. While using someone elseas data or information, incorporate it into your narrative and provide a citation in the end of the paragraph.
You may use any of the accepted reference styles as long as you are using it consistently throughout your paper. However, do not use MLA Format which is typically used in art and literature. It lacks some of the main citation features that natural sciences look for.
e). Some examples of accepted reference style of the literature sources and in-text citations will be posted on the Moodle class website.
Failure to cite information sources in a research paper is considered plagiarism. Plagiarism must be strictly avoided (see the syllabus for plagiarism policy). You may lose up to 20 points if you do not follow the reference and citation rules explained above.