Ompare and contrast how two named health care systems deal with one specific health issue.

Health Studies

Compare and contrast how two named health care systems deal with one specific health issue.

Health issues is MRSA in hospitals
Compare and contrast the UK and Spain

Critical Analysis Checklist

To gain high marks you need to be taking a critical analytical approach to your reading and assignment write-up. Every paragraph in an assignment should provide some critical analysis ai??i?? as simply describing what you read in journals is guaranteed to give C/D grade (or lower). The guide below is intended to help you to get into an ai??i??analytical frame of mindai??i??. Being analytical means weighing up what you read, not simply regurgitating it. The Stella Cottrell book listed in the module guide is recommended for a much more in-depth approach to this essential academic skill.

Critical analysis
Comments
Strengths/weaknesses
Of arguments, evidence, policy, research. What is most convincing and why?
Gaps
What has been left out/ left unsaid
Vagueness/ precision
Are targets precise? What are the advantages of precise/vague/absent targets?
Reliable/unreliable statistics
Is there conflict in the statistics? How was the data collected ai??i?? are there any flaws in this? Can you trust the statistics ai??i?? why?
Statistical significance

Quality of research methodology
Is it valid? Is it generalisable? Is the sample size adequate?
Conflict/consensus
In evidence/ research results
Bias/funding

Is policy based on academic evidence?

How does UK policy relate to policies in other European/ affluent countries?
Is UK policy better/worse than other countries? Why?
How does national policy relate to policy at Primary Care Trust level?
Are PCTs doing their own thing or going along with national strategy?
Relate policy to practice
Identify potential or actual problems with the implementation of policy
Relate theory to policy/practice

Make links/connections with different policy areas (eg, transport, economic, environmental)
Are policies across different departments harmonious or not?
Is the policy sufficiently robust to address the problem it seeks to solve?
Is the policy backed up by legislation? Does it leave the opportunity for it not to be implemented? Is it sufficiently funded? Is the time frame for implementation adequate? Is it overambitious or insufficiently ambitious? Have targets/goals been set and are these appropriate?
Is the policy tackling the right problem?
Is there evidence that the problem focussed on is appropriate? Are other problems more important? What political or social drivers have led to this policy?
Can an historical perspective help to make sense of what is happening now?
How have ideas/theories/ policies changed and why have they done so?
Is the argument/theory based on evidence?

What arguments/evidence/position is most convincing and why?

Compare and contrast
Identify similarities and differences in policies, ideas, arguments, research, evidence, theories
Logical reasoning

Underlying values
What are the underlying values of a policy, theory or argument? What are the authorai??i??s assumptions?
Is the policy written in plain language or in language that obscures?
If the policy contains ambiguities/ obscure language then what might be the advantages of this/implications of this?
Uncertainty
What degree of uncertainty/certainty is there in the literature?
Identify problems

Ask questions

Identify the implications/ consequences
Of arguments, ideas, policies, research, funding
What areas are funded/not funded?
Why? What are the implications of this?
Is the policy/treatment effective?

Is the policy/treatment cost-effective?
Would it be better to fund other policy approaches/treatments?
Identify solutions
New solutions/ or solutions modified from pre-existing solutions
Make recommendations
For further research, to improve the world!