Ompare and Contrast: Italian Fascism and German National Socialism

Hi Stephen,
Still for elective class. Please write 3 paragraph answer for the question uploaded. Please refer to the textbook and the document I uploaded.


After the Lateran Pacts were signed in 1929 the Fascist regime enjoyed a period of genuine popularity, which was significantly boosted by the Ethiopian War of 1935-36. With both party and state under control, Mussolini appeared to be effortlessly in command of Italy. But some historians see Mussolini as a weak dictator who was never able to overcome the compromises made with the traditional sectors of Italian society, including the monarchy, the Catholic Church and the economic elite. There was a fundamental contradiction between these compromises and the regimes more dynamic and expansionist policies. To overcome these restraints and to further the Fascist revolution, the regime attempted to engineer a new fascist man and woman by mobilizing and indoctrinating the population, and lauchning wars of imperial expansion.

By the end of the 1930s, the Fascist regime had penetrated deeply into Italian society with an elaborate set of auxiliary organizations, rituals, symbols and cultural innovations. More controversially, Mussolini formed the Rome-Berlin Axis with Nazi Germany and adopted nazified policies at home, including racial laws that discriminated against Italys Jewish population. On the eve of the Second World War, Mussolini had bound Italy with Germany in a military alliance known as the Pact of Steel, linking the fate of the two fascist regimes irrevocably together.

Noble, Thomas, et al. (2011). Western Civilization: Beyond Boundaries. Cengage.

Williamson, David G. (2007). The Age of the Dictators. New York: Pearson.