Ompare and contrast the following theories of social development: Modernisation theory Dependency theory

this essay is from the module called GLOBAL INEQUALITY AND DEVELOPMENT.
these are some sources you will might find helpful.
Exploring the Theories of Development

Modernisation theory was developed by a number of social scientists in the 1950s and 1960s, the most prominent of whom was the American scholar Talcot Parsons. Much of this interest in modernisation was prompted by the decline of the old colonial empires. The developing countries became a focus of attention by politicians who where keen to show countries pushing for independence that sustained development was possible under the western wing (rather than that of the Soviet Union). Academics reflected this interest by examining the socioeconomic conditions conducive to modernisation.

Dependency theory originated in the 1960s through the work of a number of academics and development economists who were particularly concerned with the continuing economic failure of Latin American countries. Drawing heavily on the work of Marx, Dependency theory concentrated on locating the cause of backwardness of the developing countries, within the dynamic and contradictory growth of the world capitalist system. World System theory represents a more sophisticated attempt to interpret the world patterns of inequality based on the expansion of a capitalist world economy, by highlighting a series of economic and political connections stretching across the globe. In this session we will critically examine the work of development theorists and their impact on social development.


Allen, Tim and Thomas, Alan (eds) (2000) Poverty and Development into the 21st Century Oxford: Oxford University Press 330.91724POV

Ayres, Ron (ed) (1995) Development Studies Greenwich University Press 330.91724DEV

Frank, Andre Gunder (1967) Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Latin America: Historical Studies of Chile and Brazil New York: Monthly Review Press 330.981FRA

Frank, Andre Gunder (1978) Dependent Accumulation and Underdevelopment London: Macmillan 330.91724FRA

Harrison, David (1988) The Sociology of Modernization and Development London: Unwin Hyman 306.3HAR

Hayter, Teresa (1981) The Creation of World Poverty London: Pluto Press 338.911724

Hoogvelt, Ankie (2001) Globalization and the Postcolonial World (Second Edition) Basingstoke: Macmillan 330.91724HOO

Hulme, David and Turner, Mark (1990) Sociology and Development: Theories, Policies and Practices London: Harvester Wheatsheaf 306.3091724HUL

Larrain, Jorge (1989) Theories of Development: Capitalism, Colonialism and Dependency Oxford: Polity Press 330.9LAR

Lerner, Daniel (1967) Communication and Change in the Developing Countries Honolulu: East-West Center Press 303.4091724LER

Parfitt, Trevor (2002) The End of Development? Modernity, Post-Modernity and Development London: Pluto Press 338.91724PAR

Parsons, Talcott (1991) The Social System London: Routledge 301.01PAR

Preston, P. W. (1996) Development Theory and Practice Oxford: Blackwell 330.91724PRE

Roberts, J. Timmons and Hite, Amy (eds) (2000) From Modernization to Globalization Oxford: Blackwell 307.14091724FRO

Rostow, W. W. (1990) The Stages of Economic Growth: A non-Communist Manifesto Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 339.5ROS

Roxborough, Ian (1979) Theories of Underdevelopment London: Macmillan 330.91724ROX

Wallerstein, Immanuel (1979) The Capitalist World-Economy Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 330.9WAL

Webster, Andrew (1990) Introduction to the Sociology of Development Basingstoke: Macmillan 306.3WEB

And this is the way the lecturer wants the essay to look like:
Essay title:

Compare and contrast the following theories of social development:
Modernisation theory
Dependency theory

In answering the question you must draw on the relevant literature and address the intended learning outcomes for this module:

A· Demonstrate a critical understanding of major theoretical traditions in the analysis of social development.

A· Analyse the relationship between development and under development and evaluate arguments relating to international aid, non-governmental organisations and international financial institutions.

A· Demonstrate a critical understanding of economic and social development in comparative contexts.

A· Generic marking criteria, eg presentation, coherence, conformity to academic conventions, reference to relevant literature, concepts and theories: see course guide for details.