Ompare and contrast two artworks of the 19th century.

The two paintings to compare:
ThA©odore ChassA©riau, Comtesse de La Tour-Maubourg, 1841
Paul CA©zanne, Madame CA©zanne in a Red Dress, 1888-90

The purpose of this paper is to describe in your own words the differences and similarities (if any) in style and subject matter of the two paintings or sculptures that you have chosen. Your conclusions will be based on your own observations together with information that you have read about the artists and their work. A good way to structure the paper is to begin with general summary statements (your basic thesis or argument) regarding differences or similarities, and then to proceed with a detailed discussion of information supporting your introductory opinions, ending with a conclusion.

It is essential that you consider the works in relation to each other, thinking about ways in which they are different or alike.
The following points, when appropriate, should be covered within your paper:

1. Explain carefully how the images are presented.
Describe the composition (for example: is it cropped or symmetrical, how are the figures posed, how are they positioned in space); brushwork (e.g. invisible or sketchy); line (are contours emphasized or eliminated); color; light and shade; and space (flat or deep; describe the viewpoint or angle from which the image was observed). If you are writing about sculpture, discuss differences in handling materials, surfaces, and the relationship of the figure to the surrounding space and viewer. Most important, explain how these technical choices help create the overall expressive effect/mood of the painting or sculpture. What idea, perspective or message do you think the artist was trying to convey to the viewer about his subject?
2. You must also thoroughly consider the subject matter, beginning with a description of the images in the painting (or sculpture). Is there any narrative action (is anything happening?)? Do any of the elements in the work function as symbols? Is the content based on a literary or religious source or a scene from everyday life? Was the work done in a studio or outside? Was a model used or was it based on earlier sketches? Was it done from imagination? Describe the setting, including the location (what country? city?) and time period. Does the event or person depicted relate to current political or social issues? Does the work have any religious or spiritual meaning? Does it reflect cultural attitudes to the subject shown? How does it typify the artistic movement to which it belongs?

Your discussion must include researched information on the life of the artist, the political, social and cultural context (where applicable), and the circumstances impacting the creation of the artwork. Mention if it was commissioned, where it was seen, and how it was interpreted or received by its audience. Include any comments the artist made about this work or about his/her general objectives. Was the painting or sculpture part of a series or related to other work within the artistas oeuvre? Does it reflect any changes in the artistas style? What other (earlier) art influenced this painting or sculpture?


The following is a list of books and/or articles for you to use while preparing your paper. At least three sources per artist are required for your paper. Use the ones you have found to be the most informative. You should also consult additional sources and list them in your bibliography.
Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Missouri-Columbia, The Art of the July Monarchy: France, 1830-1848, exhibition catalogue, Columbia: 1990.
GuA©gan, StA©phane, Vincent PomarA©de and Louis-Antoine Prat, ThA©odore ChassA©riau (1819-1856): The Unknown Romantic, exhibition catalogue, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York and New Haven: 2002.
Prat, Louis-Antoine, a?The Drawings of ChassA©riau: Some Particularsa?, Drawing, 12,
no. 4 (November-December 1991), pp. 73-77 (JSTOR)

Athanassouglou-Kallmyer, Nina, Cezanne and Provence: The Painter in His Culture, Chicago: 2003.
Lewis, Mary Tompkins, Cezanne, London: 2000.
Rishel, Josepha and Katherine Sachs, org., CA©zanne and Beyond, exhibition catalogue, Phildelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia: 2009.
Sidlauskas, Susan, CA©zanneas Other: The Portraits of Hortense, Berkeley: 2009.
Smith, Paul, Interpreting Cezanne, New York: 1996.