Ompare Mass Transit and High Speed Railway in China and the US
Abstract (Times New Roman, size 12pt, bold)
The abstract is a short summary informing readers of the reportas contents. It should summarize the candidates principal research findings, describe the problem being investigated, outline the method of investigation, describe the results obtained, and state the conclusions reached. The abstract should be objective, precise, easy to read, and no more than 400 words. Use Times New Roman, size 12pt, line spacing 1.5
Acknowledgements (Times New Roman, size 14pt, bold)
Acknowledge individuals that helped you in your research. Use Times New Roman, size 12pt, line spacing 1.5
Table of Contents (Times New Roman, size 14pt, bold, centered)
Table of Contents iv
List of Figures v
List of Tables v
List of Notations v
1 Introduction x
1.1 Background x
1.2 Problem Statement x
1.3 Objectives x
1.3 Research Questions x
1.3 Significance/ Justification x
1.4 Scope of this Report x
2 Literature Review x
2.1 Content of the Chapter x
2.1.1 Example Figure Caption x
2.1.2 Example Figure Caption x
3 Methodology /Materials/Methods x
4 Detail Research Undertaken, Results / Findings x
4.1 Sub Headings x
5 Discussion of Results / Findings x
6 Expected Result and Recommendations x
List of Figures (Times New Roman, size 14pt, bold)
Figure 1: Insert figure title x
Figure 2: Insert figure title x
Figure n: Insert figure title x
List of Tables (Times New Roman, size 14pt, bold)
Table 1: Insert table number and caption x
Table 2: Insert table number and caption x
Table n: Insert table number and caption x
List of Notations (Times New Roman, size 14pt, bold)
GIS Geographic information system
CBA Cost benefit analysis
Note: Use Times New Roman, size 12pt, line spacing 1.5 for all lists of notations, figures and tables
Each chapter should begin with an introduction that outlines the contents of the chapter. It should emphasize the chapter contentas importance to the overall thesis/report. The introduction should immediately follow the chapter heading and does not require its own header.
The introduction should give a comprehensive overview of the entire research report, highlighting the background, and stating the problem, purpose of the study, objectives, questions, significance, scope and conceptual framework. It should outline the methodology and any major findings and recommendations.
1.1 Background (3 Pages)
The background should describe the context from which the research idea has emerged. It should also provide evidence that justifies the problemas significance and the urgency to study it in order to better understand it and/or contribute to its solution.
1.2 Problem Statement (1 Page)
This section aims to define the research problem that has been detected and needs a better understanding and/or solution in the practical and/or theoretical world. It should clearly state the nature of the problem and its known or estimated magnitude/extent.
1.3 Objectives (1/2 Page)
The research objectives are a statement of the specific aims arising directly from the general purpose of the study. The research objectives should spell out what the research is sup-posed to accomplish.
1.4 Research Questions (1/2 Page)
The research questions should come directly from the research objectives and state the investigative curiosity underlying the intended study.
1.5 Significance/Justification (1/2 Page)
This refers to the relevance of the study in terms of academic contributions and practical use that might be made of the findings. The significance should reflect on the practical relevance of the findings to organizations.
1.6 Scope of this Report (1/2 Page)
The scope provides the boundaries of the research in terms of depth of investigation, content, sample size, geographical and theoretical coverage as well as the scope of time.
2 Literature Review (15 Pages)
You should always begin each chapter with a brief overview of the chapter to help the reader along. You may think of cross-referencing features whenever possible to refer to chapters, sections, references, figures and tables. This will allow you to reorganize your report without have to change all the references manually
2.1 Content of chapter
This section deals with the analysis of existing literature on the subject and critical discussion of contributions and contradicting views as well as possible weaknesses or gaps. Your aim is to convey the knowledge and ideas that have been established and their relative strengths and weaknesses. Your literature review should be defined by a guiding concept (e.g., your research objective, the problem you are discussing or your thesis). It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries. Citation should be in accordance with the approved format (see reference format guidelines). Note that table captions are given above the table, whereas figure captions are placed below the figure.
2.1.1 Example Inserting a Table
Table 1: Insert table name
Soil type Total porosity (%) Hydraulic conductivity (m/d) Bulk density (g/cm)
Peat (Fibric) > 90 >1.3 <0.09 Mineral (Gravel) 20 100-1000 ~2.1 [Source: adopted from Faulkner and Richardson, 1989] 2.1.2 Example Figure Caption Figure 1: Insert figure title (Example figure caption) 3 Methodology/Materials/Methods (5 Pages Maximum) This is a detailed description of the chosen research methods and instruments to solving the research problem. You should not only tell the reader a?whata? you will do, but a?whya? as well. It should include the research design, description of the data source(s), description of data collection methods, data quality control (which refers to reliability and validity of instruments), and measurements (formulae or scales in the study and data analysis). 4 Detail Research Undertaken, Results / Findings (14 Pages Maximum) This section presents your research results in an objective and comprehensive manner. Where appropriate, the findings should be illustrated or summarized with tables and figures. In any case, tables and figures must be drawn in such a way that they can be read on their own, independent of the surrounding text (also follow the same formatting as Literature Review). Do not forget to include measurement units and an explanation of abbreviations. References to tables and figures should be made in the text (e.g., see table 4). 4.1 Subheadings Note that subsections, table captions and figure captions should follow the same style as in the Literature Review section. 5 Discussion of Results / Findings (8 Pages Maximum) The discussion section links your own findings presented in the results section with those of others. What do your results mean? Argue for and against the findings and the related theoretical concepts. Discuss your findings in the background, and remember to discuss the extent to which the findings may have been influenced by the chosen methods. 6 Conclusion and Recommendations (2 Pages) This section focuses on the reflective thoughts on the findings, which are essential to providing meaning to the research. Answering the research questions and research objectives is the main purpose of this section. It is here that the main findings, conclusions, summary, recommendations, practical application of the results and the way forward of the study are discussed. Appendices The annex should include information that can be missed in the direct text body. It is relevant for the understanding of the research and important steps taken. This could be inclusion of the original data, further detailed statistical analysis, instruments, program implementation codes, maps, areas visited etc. References