Omparison between Mexicos and Israels political systems

The paper topic is A comparison between Mexicos and Israels political system.Id
The paper guidelines are the following:

1. Almost all papers in political science involve making an argument. It need not be an extreme or all-or-nothing argument; you should qualify your bottom line as you see fit. Make sure that your claims and support for them are clear in your own mind, and articulate them clearly to the reader. You must provide factual evidence and logical reasons for your claims, rather than simply giving opinions, yours or anybody elseas. Explain why the evidence and reasons you present support your thesis.
2. If the paper is supposed to answer an assigned question, answer the question. Even if you are uncertain about the answer, it is better to argue that the available information is too thin or too contradictory to justify taking a position than to duck the question altogether. This is not to say that there is always a single right answer to every political-science question. But even when intelligent, informed people disagree, they must focus on the question at hand in order to advance the debate.
3. Address counter-arguments and counter-examples. Put yourself in the shoes of a skeptical reader and ask yourself how they might object to your argument and evidence. If these objections can be refuted, do so; otherwise qualify your position (e.g., a?X is usually truea? or a?X is more true than Ya?).
4. Provide evidence and logic to support your arguments, rather than a?arguments from authoritya?. An a?argument from authoritya? is a claim that something is true because a particular expert says so. A variation on this is relying on your own undefended opinions: a?X is true because I believe X.a? How do we know that the expert is right, or if your opinion is well-founded? Sometimes we have to rely on experts opinions on esoteric matters, but it is always better to provide supporting evidence and logic yourself.
5. You should always cite the sources of ideas, arguments, or facts to which your paper explicitly refers. These citations should always include an unambiguous source reference and page number (or numbers), unless you are referring to the general findings of an entire book or article. Often, a single citation at the end of a paragraph is sufficient, if the material from that paragraph can be traced to a single source. Citing your sources demonstrates the work you have put into researching your paper, distinguishes your ideas from those of others, helps readers where to go to find out more about particular points, and strengthens your argument by providing authoritative sources for your factual claims. You should always cite only the sources you consult. Citing the source of your source, as if you had consulted it yourself, is misleading and deceptive, unless you explicitly acknowledge it (e.g., source X, as quoted in source Y, p. Z).
6. Avoid plagiarism like the plague. Submitting other peopleas ideas or language (i.e., more than a few consecutive words) without appropriate acknowledgement implies they are your own, which is intellectual theft and cheating. You must put in quotes, or in indented single-spaced format, any text found in other sources, and the text must be followed immediately by a citation to the source. Of course, you may not submit all or part of a paper written by someone else as if it were your own work. You also may not turn in a paper for one class that you wrote for another, without the explicit permission of the instructor.
To avoid plagiarism, be careful in your note taking and writing to mark all ideas, detailed facts, and exact wording taken from other sources, so that you can properly cite them in your paper. For a useful discussion of plagiarism, with examples, see Northwestern Universityas a?How to Avoid Plagiarisma? website.
8. Organize your major points in logical order. This sounds easier than it is, especially when you donat see the whole structure of your argument before starting to write. Papers ten pages or longer should be divided by section headings, which tell the reader where you are going, making the argument easier to understand. Present major arguments first, followed by supporting or subsidiary ones. One good organizational structure is to lay out and defend your main position, then turn to alternative explanations or counter-arguments and deal with them in turn. Preparing an outline first helps. If youare like me and you end up thinking of new arguments in the writing process, you will probably have to go back and edit your paper later to give it a logical structure.
9. Every paper must begin with a summary introduction that tells the reader briefly what the papers main points are. Tell your reader the question or questions you are going to address, why they are significant, how you are going to answer them, and what your answer is going to be. Donat just raise questions or topics and leave the reader in suspense about your conclusions until the enda this makes it harder for readers to digest and evaluate your arguments. The summary introduction should be the first paragraph of a short (5-10 page) paper; longer and more complex arguments require more detailed summaries. Because you cant write a summary introduction until you know what the paper is going to say, many people compose it after the outlinea or even the body of the paper itselfa has been written.
10. A summary conclusion is also useful, to remind the reader of the main points that have been argued, particularly in longer papers. It usually helps to keep in mind this old rule-of-thumb: a?Tell a?em what youare going to tell a?em, then tell a?em, then tell a?em what you just told a?em.a? Conclusions are also a good place to explain the implications of your findings--for governmental policies, theoretical debates, or for future research.
11. Alert your reader along the way to your main points as you are making them. Rather than letting facts speak for themselves, explain how they advance your overall argument. Its generally helpful to state the point of each paragraph in the first sentence.
12. Try to stick to just one point in each paragraph. Dont start in on a totally new point in the middle of a paragraph. This usually means keep your paragraphs relatively short--paragraphs that go on for a whole page usually can be broken up for greater clarity.
13. Be concise, avoiding digressions, filler, repetition, and redundancy. Anything that does not contribute towards the argument, or the readeras understanding of it, dilutes the effectiveness of an essay. Students often needlessly waste space on factual information and history that does not contribute to their main arguments. Repetition also wastes valuable space and disorganizes a paper. Be sure to read your paper over before it is finally done and drop passages written earlier that have become extraneous as your work has progressed.
14. Avoid long quotations. It is usually better to paraphrase others arguments in your own words than reproduce them at length. A summary usually is more concise, and fits better in the flow of the paper, than the original quotation, written in another context, for another purpose. (Of course, you must still provide citations to others ideas, even if you have put them in your own words). Use direct quotations only when you need to appeal to the authority of the author, when the specific language of the author matters, or when the source is primary data. Donat quote simply because you think your source said it better than you can, or to save yourself the effort of paraphrasing.
Format and Grammar
15. Avoid convoluted, run-on, pretentious sentences that are hard to understand and could be written much more straightforwardly. You will be able to say more in less space if you minimize unnecessary prepositional clauses, obvious or meaningless comments (e.g., a?It is important to bear in mind that...a?), and passive voice constructions (e.g., use a?Hillary kicked Billa? rather than a?Bill