Oncepts of non-violence in response to 9/11: European options to influence US policy

This essay needs to be 20 pages long, all of the sources mentioned below need to be cited at least once. In addition to these sources, you may use an additional source (but you don t have to). I will upload the texts from Political Science Quarterly for your convenience. All online sources have been checked today, but if one of them is unavailable for you, I can provide a pdf file of the resource.

The essay should focus on the political options of European policymakers after 9/11.
The main focus of the paper should be on the reasons for 9/11 and concepts of non violence for action as a response to the terror attacks. The essay should answer these questions based on the sources:
How do you fight fundamentalism peacefully?
In which areas can proliferation be improved?
How can you master an international conflict through dialogue?
How likely was/is a follow up nuclear attack based on the sources?
How could European policy makers have influenced the US Administration after 9/11 for a peaceful solution?
The essay should also perform a critical analysis on how realistic a non violent answer of the US to the attacks was in the aftermath of 9/11 and if Europe actually had a chance to change the US administrations policies.

For all electronic resources, it is sufficient to use the family name of the author and the year for inline references, i.e. text text text (Oberg 2001a). If you quote a printed resource, you will need to mention the specific page you are referring to, i.e. text text text (Author 2002, p. 44).

Sources

Bell, Dick and Renner, Michael (2001): A new Marshall Plan? Advancing human security and controlling terrorism, 15texts/after911.html

Jervis, Robert (2002): An Interim Assessment of September 11: What Has Changed and What Has Not?, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 117, No. 1, pp. 37-54.

LaFeber, Walter (2002): The Post September 11 Debate over Empire, Globalization, and Fragmentation, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 117, No. 1, pp. 1-17.

Oberg, Jan (2001a): Constructive thoughts two weeks after September 11 A, /html

Oberg, Jan (2001c): The UN and Annan really deserve it, SAJT/forum/meet/2001/JO_dcaf_art.html

Oberg, Jan (2001e): Three minutes silence for the dead in Afghanistan and three other peacemaking suggestions, Oberg_Afghanistan3minutes.html

Oberg, Jan (2002): Can we learn to live without the bomb?, Oberg_LiveWithoutBomb.html

Power, Jonathan (2001): Mr. Bush is abusing both the UN and the international law, pdf

LaFeber, Walter (2002): The Post September 11 Debate over Empire, Globalization, and Fragmentation, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 117, No. 1, pp. 1-17.