Ongress and the Presidency. The decline of congress powers and the rise of Presidential powers?

Please follow the dissertation plan below and attached.

List of Chapters



The introduction section of the dissertation will set out the proposals and questions it will seek to answer.

Chapter one: Historical overview
This chapter will focus in the historical over views of both congress and the president it will examine how the powers of between the President and Congress are defined in the U.S. Constitution.

The paper begins with an historical overview of congress and the executive office of the president as well as some of the powers of the Executive Branch and congress as outlined in Article of the Constitution. The chapter also examines early periods in the eighteenth and nineteen centuries when congress was seen more powerful then the president

few points/questions to think about:

” Was powers between congress and the president equal in the early periods of 18th and 19th centuries
” What factors made congress more powerful during those periods?

Chapter Two: The modern President: Changing balance of power
This chapter explains the shift of power from congress to the president and the executive office.

It examines how the American presidency began with George Washington and the Articles of Confederation and how, under the Articles of Confederation, the Federal government, including the presidency, had very little power. It looks at how early presidents expanded the power of the Office of the President by their interpretation of the Constitution and examines how, over time, the presidents from Jackson to Nixon built up the Office of the President and expanded federal powers. It shows how the power of the presidency has ebbed and flowed over the years, with Congress taking action when it feels a president has gone too far and how the president s power to veto bills guarantees that Congress will have to work with the president to some extent as it passes laws.

.A few points/questions to think about:
” Why has congress allowed powers of the president to grow?
” What were some of significant turning points in congressional decline?

Chapter Three: Congressional decline
This chapters examines and identifies key factors which lead to the congressional decline over the years.

The chapter examines the reasons for its decline and the likelihood of congress ever recapturing its former pre-eminence by looking at electoral factors in congressional decline as well as institutional factors. Congress is consumed with serious institutional weakness in relation to the president which inhibit its ability to provide legislative leadership. These weakness stem from disadvantages in both its organisation and capacity.

A few points/questions to think about:
” The odds congress can recover its constitutional Authority?
” To what extent was congressional decline in power down to its structure and lack of leadership?
” How was congress responded to the erosion of its powers?

Chapter Four: Checks and balances & congressional cooperation and resistance

This chapter looks at one of the most vital aspects the founding fathers implemented in the U.S. Constitution, the ability of each branch to check on the other branches to make sure that one branch does not become too powerful then the other. The authors of the Constitution expected the greater power to lie with Congress and it has been theorized that is one reason they are described in Article One therefore Congress has the most checks on the other branches such as, on the executive branch, the power to override presidential vetoes or, on the judicial branch, the power to alter the size of the Supreme Court. Further on the chapter looks at the issue of conflict and cooperation between the U.S. President and Congress. It lists a number of factors which are cause for conflict and cooperation such as public opinion, budget restraints, security concerns and party ties

A few points/questions to think about:
” To what extent to congress having the most checks on the other branches make it a powerful?
” Why has the powers of the government grown under the control of the checks and balances system?
” How important is the relationship between the president and Congress and is it more important for one then the other?

The dissertation will conclude with a summary of the main discussion of the topic



J. Mckeever, P Davies Politics USA. Second Edition. Pearson Education Limited 2006
harvard referencing

J. Mckeever, P Davies Politics USA. Second Edition. Pearson Education Limited 2006