Oreign Economics and National Economics Council
Please discuss the following issue:
You are a senior official at the State Department and you have been assigned the responsibility of developing a memo to the White House articulating the Departmenti??s position on a piece of legislation that is currently being considered by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee has requested the Administrationi??s views of the legislation before it sends the legislation to the floor for a vote. The White House has also asked for the views of the Defense, Commerce, Homeland Security, Labor, and Health and Human Services Departments. Choose one of these roles and provide your memo to support the departments view.
Your memorandum should at least 350 words but no more than 500 words in length. You should address all the issues below.
The proposed legislation would do three things. First it would establish tariffs against imports from China and other low-wage countries in Asia and Africa (allies like Japan, South Korea, the Philippines and Taiwan would be exempted). Supporters of this legislation claim that the flood of such imports has eroded Americai??s domestic manufacturing to the point where action needs to be taken in order to shrink the unemployment rate in this country. In so doing, government tax revenues would increase and spending on programs like unemployment insurance and Social Security would shrink.
Second, the legislation would require the White House to designate high tech and defense industries in which foreign investment by countries that are not members of NATO would be limited. Supporters of the legislation argue that foreign investors should not be able to gain control over companies essential to national defense or to Americai??s technological leadership in the key industries of tomorrow.
Third, the legislation would prohibit the importation of any goods from a foreign corporation that has been found by either the Secretaries of the Commerce or Health and Human Services Departments to have violated American consumer safety rules. The legislation would require annual reports by the White House listing those foreign corporations.
Your memorandum should evaluate the short and long term effects that this legislation is likely to have. Specifically, the memorandum should address:
1.) How might this legislation contradict previous US policy commitments under the World Trade Organization?
2.) How might this legislation affect US-Chinese foreign policy relations i?? especially with respect to efforts to get China to work with us in de-nuclearizing North Korea and to reaching a peaceful resolution of the Taiwan issue?
The initial required post (at least 350 words) should be supported by course readings using parenthetical references.
Rosati, Jerel A., James Scott. Cengage Advantage Books: The Politics of United States Foreign Policy, 6th Edition. Cengage Learning, 2013.