ORTY FOUR BOYS PERISH AT INITIATION SCHOOLS

THE EXTRACT

Forty-two boys perish at initiation schools but silence

By Mbuyiselo Botha and Nomonde Nyembe

The figures of young boys dying at initiation schools are shocking. The death toll as at July 11 [2012], was 42, in just three weeks. According to reports, this is nearly double last years figure of 26. South Africa is now 18 years into democracy but the shame of young boys dying in Eastern Cape initiation schools continues unabated. Why do we, as a caring, compassionate, democratic society, look the other way? Why do we allow certain cultural practices to rob young people of their future? We are reminded of the work of gender activist and author Dr Gary Barker, whose comments in his book Dying to be Men describes the debilitating association of notions of manhood, issues of violence and HIV that some
young people will die for in their quest to become so-called Properor Realmen. What it means to be a Properman and the fact that it has been reduced to the practice of circumcision is detrimental not only to the young men who go through the process but to society as a whole. A society where manhood is ascribed only to individuals who have gone to initiation school is one that does not value men as whole beings with other aspects to their humanity. However, this does not affirm the notion that you can still be a man without being subjected to inhumane treatment. Too often, not enough attention is paid when peoples rights are trampled on with impunity. What message does the silence send to these young men who are expected to go through this route without any guarantee that they will come back alive? It is our view that any other traditional law is subjected to our supreme law,
the Constitution. There are those who would argue that constitutional protection of culture gives them carte blanche to engage in practices that are not only harmful but may, in fact, lead to death. This is not so. Cultural and religious practices are protected to the extent that they are consistent with other rights in the Constitution (sections 15 (3) (b) and 31 (2)). We are concerned that there is not a universal outcry from all of us to these statistics. We wonder if this silence is a result of us fearing to be labelled as Eurocentricor Sell-outsout there to please the white master. The Childrens Act prohibits the circumcision of young men and joins a number of other provincial acts that regulate male circumcision in Free State, Limpopo and Eastern Cape. Parents themselves are under an obligation to consent to the
circumcision before it occurs. There is a need for active citizenry in if we are to stop practices that not only harm but endanger peoples lives. We must hold our government to account and using the law to do so is our constitutional mandate. Doing otherwise would be betraying those who died for us to have those freedoms.

Assessment criteria for Assignment 03

Area Details of the assessment criteria

Content

a? problem description
a? whether facts are related to the research problem
a? adequacy of facts and discussion of topics
a? demonstration of reasoned arguments
a? focus of discussion
a? logic of arguments
a? assumptions (statements) supported by facts
a? application of theory to solve research problem
a? critical views on theory
a? own opinion throughout text

Structure

a? use of appropriate headings and subheadings
a? use of short sentences and different paragraphs
a? linking of sentences and paragraphs
a? layout of text
a? length of assignment

Technical presentation

a? table of contents included
a? substantiation of facts with appropriate references
a? correct referencing method according to the Unisa referencing method
a? correct bibliographical detail in the reference list

ORTY FOUR BOYS PERISH AT INITIATION SCHOOLS

THE EXTRACT

Forty-two boys perish at initiation schools but silence

By Mbuyiselo Botha and Nomonde Nyembe

The figures of young boys dying at initiation schools are shocking. The death toll as at July 11 [2012], was 42, in just three weeks. According to reports, this is nearly double last years figure of 26. South Africa is now 18 years into democracy but the shame of young boys dying in Eastern Cape initiation schools continues unabated. Why do we, as a caring, compassionate, democratic society, look the other way? Why do we allow certain cultural practices to rob young people of their future? We are reminded of the work of gender activist and author Dr Gary Barker, whose comments in his book Dying to be Men describes the debilitating association of notions of manhood, issues of violence and HIV that some
young people will die for in their quest to become so-called Properor Realmen. What it means to be a Properman and the fact that it has been reduced to the practice of circumcision is detrimental not only to the young men who go through the process but to society as a whole. A society where manhood is ascribed only to individuals who have gone to initiation school is one that does not value men as whole beings with other aspects to their humanity. However, this does not affirm the notion that you can still be a man without being subjected to inhumane treatment. Too often, not enough attention is paid when peoples rights are trampled on with impunity. What message does the silence send to these young men who are expected to go through this route without any guarantee that they will come back alive? It is our view that any other traditional law is subjected to our supreme law,
the Constitution. There are those who would argue that constitutional protection of culture gives them carte blanche to engage in practices that are not only harmful but may, in fact, lead to death. This is not so. Cultural and religious practices are protected to the extent that they are consistent with other rights in the Constitution (sections 15 (3) (b) and 31 (2)). We are concerned that there is not a universal outcry from all of us to these statistics. We wonder if this silence is a result of us fearing to be labelled as Eurocentricor Sell-outsout there to please the white master. The Childrens Act prohibits the circumcision of young men and joins a number of other provincial acts that regulate male circumcision in Free State, Limpopo and Eastern Cape. Parents themselves are under an obligation to consent to the
circumcision before it occurs. There is a need for active citizenry in if we are to stop practices that not only harm but endanger peoples lives. We must hold our government to account and using the law to do so is our constitutional mandate. Doing otherwise would be betraying those who died for us to have those freedoms.

Assignment 02: Research Proposal

Based on the extract above, develop and write a research proposal on how you plan to deal with the problem that you have identified in Assignment 01. Using the title, aim, objectives, research design, the research questions and data collection methods, the sampling and data analysis techniques that you have formulated in assignment 01, explain how you would go about preventing the problem that you have identified. Your research proposal should be based on the structure which you have outlined in assignment 01 or at least a properly revised. Total [50 Marks]

Assessment criteria for Assignment 02

Area Details of the assessment criteria

Content

a?problem description
a? whether facts are related to the research problem
a? adequacy of facts and discussion of topics
a? demonstration of reasoned arguments
a? focus of discussion
a? logic of arguments
a? assumptions (statements) supported by facts
a? application of theory to solve research problem
a? critical views on theory
a? own opinion throughout text

Structure

a? use of appropriate headings and subheadings
a? use of short sentences and different paragraphs
a? linking of sentences and paragraphs
a? layout of text
a? length of assignment

Technical presentation

a? table of contents included
a? substantiation of facts with appropriate references
a? correct referencing method according to the Unisa referencing method
a? correct bibliographical detail in the reference list