Overnment (social contract theory and redistribution of wealth). Chose one of them

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Second Essay

Due Sunday February 24, 2013 (delivered electronically by 9am)

Write a three to four page essay (approximately 1000 words) on one of the following topics. Each essay must consist of an argument for the main claim, an objection to the premises of that argument, and a response to the objection. There should be a clear statement of the main claim of the essay on the first page and a summary paragraph at the end of your essay. Your essay will be graded according to the standards for essay evaluation that weve talked about in class.

I. Argue for or against the social contract theory:

Some possible main claims:

In this paper, I will defend Hobbesas view of the social contract theory.
In this paper, I will defend Lockeas view of the social contract theory.
In this paper, I will argue that Hobbesas view of the social contract theory fails.
In this paper, I will argue that any view of the social contract theory fails


II. Assume that everyone agrees that there should be a government and that the government has the responsibility to protect the citizens. Suppose further that everyone agrees that the citizens should pay taxes to subsidize the government in that minimal task. Construe the issue of distributive justice as an issue about whether our government ought to redistribute wealth (by taxes or some other means) for the purposes of making the distribution of goods more equal. Argue for the claim that our government ought to redistribute wealth for purposes of equality, using ideas from the Rawls papera or argue against the claim, using Nozickas ideas.

Some possible main claims:

In this paper, I argue that our government ought to redistribute wealth.
In this paper, I argue that our government ought not redistribute wealth.
Essay Evaluation Standards

Advice about writing this paper: be careful--first draft philosophy papers are almost always terrible. You need to start writing this paper at the very beginning of the week you have, so that you will have time to revise it.

There must be a clear statement of the papers main claim, and it should show up on the first page of the paper.

Your paper must have (a) a well-developed argument: a set of reasons for a main claim, (b) a good objection to that argument, (c) a good response to that objection, and (d) a summary paragraph.

I recommend that you use the first person: you can say, for example, I will now turn to consider an objection to the second premise of my argument .”

Be careful of quotations. You can use them, if you want to (you certainly dont need them). But if you use a quotation, you must explain it in your own words. Since you are being graded on your explanation of the dialectic, any quotes just take up space that you could use for your explanations. This is not a research paper in the sense of having to prove that someone, e.g., Descartes, said something. This is an argumentative paper, where you are arguing for some particular philosophical claim.

While we assume that you will make your argument (and the objection and the response) by using the ideas youve learned in our text book, you must always cite your sources. You can refer to our text book with page numbers in brackets, but any other source you use, you must footnote in the standard way.

This papers format should be main claim in the first paragraph and the supporting premises and you also have to consider objection and response to the objection. And finally finish with a nice summary of the argument.