Ow can human rights be better protected during conflict and in its immediate aftermath?

there are 4 short essays dealing with human rights topic. the task is to respond to each of these short essays with counterarguments / acknowledge plus additional arguments. each respond at least 100 words, not more than 150 words. references as much as needed.
the level will be master
essays (a,b,c,d) to respond to will be attached
also course material will be attached