Ow can impoverished countries with weak formal legal systems deal with a past of mass human rights atrocities?

In a 2000 word essay, demonstrate challenges/opportunities of the individual and collective experience of those who have endured the abuse of, or been deprived of the enjoyment of, their human rights through historical case studies. You will need to critically engage with key theoretical arguments about rights and analyse the relationship between the theory and practice of human rights when answering the question.