Ow can we conserve biodiversity on a global scale using evidence from evolution in deep time

To try and understand the causes for the loss of biodiversity over the history of the earth and then relate this back to the present by looking at the history of the earth (fossil records may prove very useful so might reasons behind mass extinction). Must look at the bigger picture and have some sort of deep thinking. Not just an overall view of conservation in the present day.

Tutor comments:
Length: 2,000 Words (plus or minus 10%), NOT counting figure legends or the reference
list. 40 References would not be excessive. You are encouraged to use subheadings,
figures, graphs and tables if these summarise information more efficiently and make your
submission clearer.

The general advice is to ensure that your write to your title in a balanced way. You have
control of this, and some flexibility about the precise focus. Its often helpful to
frame your title as a question.

The fact that I am not asking you to write a long essay means that I nonetheless expect a
tightly written, carefully worded, polished and thoroughly researched piece of work. The
highest marks will be given to those essays that convey a deep understanding and
synthesis of ideas with the most efficient use of prose. That, after all, is what
scientific writing is all about.
Harvard System

Using this system, cite your sources within your text by giving the author s surname(s), year of publication, and (when appropriate) page numbers. This brief citation tells the reader that there is a full reference to the work in the bibliography at the end of your text (see section on The Bibliography below).

1. If the author s name occurs naturally within your text, give the year, and page numbers if needed, in parentheses.

Although first prepared by Benedikt (1879), it was not until much later that Osborn and Jay (1975) confirmed its structure.

2. If the author s name does not occur naturally within your text, give both name and year, and page numbers if needed, in parentheses.

Although it was first prepared in the later nineteenth century (Benedikt 1879), its structure was not confirmed until much later (Osborn and Jay 1975).

3. If there are two authors, cite both surnames.

James and Peters (2003, p.73) have argued that&

4. If there are more than two authors, give the first author s name only, followed by et al., but list ALL the authors in the reference in your bibliography.

The opposing view has been admirably summarised in a more recent work (Andersen et al. 2004, pp.23-37)

5. If you want to cite multiple works by one author published in the same year, then add lower case letters (a, b, c) after the year.

Tavernor s initial review of Palladio s work (2001a) is extended and examined in much more detail in his later work (2001b, pp.135-227)


6. If the work has no named author, then use  Anon , except if you are referring to a newspaper article with no named author, in which case you can use the name of the newspaper.

In a recent review in New Scientist (Anon 2003, p.21) it was noted that&

Contrary to popular perception, violent crime has been shown to be decreasing (The Times 2004, p.7)

7. If you want to cite a work that has been quoted in another work, then cite both in the text.

An early study (Walters 1962, cited by Jones 1987, p.73) demonstrated that&

In this case you would list only the work by Jones (i.e. the work that you have actually read!) in your bibliography.
8. If you want to cite a personal communication (i.e. something someone has told you verbally), just give the details within the text. As you have no documentary source, there will be no corresponding reference in your bibliography.

Local people refer to Holy Well as the Starwell (S. Hunt, pers. comm., 24th June 1994).

The Bibliography

At the end of your piece of work, you will list the references to the documents you have cited in your text. You can head up this section either Bibliography or References. If you have been asked to list other works that you have read but not cited in your text, then give those in a separate listing under a heading such as Further Reading.

HARVARD SYSTEM. List your references alphabetically by author s surname:-

BARRATT, A., 1987. Between two worlds: a critical introduction to  The Master and Margarita . Oxford: Clarendon.
ERICSON, E.E., 1991. The apocalyptic vision of Mikhail Bulgakovs  The Master and Margarita. New York: Edwin Mellen.
MILNE, L., 1977.  The Master and Margarita : a comedy of victory. Birmingham: University of Birmingham.

If you have more than one work by the same author, list them in date order (earliest first); and if you have more than one work in the same year by the same author, list them in date and letter order (2003a, 2003b etc).