Ow can you become an authentic leader and be successful?

The essay should include:

-Review and/or discussion of theoretical approaches.
-Conclusion


Theoretically: 1) Authentic leadership
2 )Social identity approach: leadership, prototypicallity, group norms, etc



Evaluation criteria:

-Critical and reflexive thinking
-Combination of theory and practice
-Flow and quality of arguments
-Relevance
-Originality
-Structure, presentation and style

Here are some useful info for you that I would like you to use!

Why Authentic Leadership?

Due to the current crisis, complexities and challenges facing our society and organizations nowadays we would benefit from a new type of leadership.
As Bill George (former CEO of Medtronic) puts it a?We need leaders who lead with purpose, values and integrity (a¦). We need leaders who build enduring organisations, motivate their employees to provide superior customer service and create long-term value for shareholders. In short, we need a new kind of leader a the authentic leaderto bring us out of the current leadership crisis. My hope is that a¦ you will be inspired to become an authentic leader, committed to making the world a better place for all its citizens, and leading with your heart as well as with your heada? (2003, p. 10)

Authentic Leadership: Definitions

Authenticity has to do with being in connection to your inner self: seeing it, acknowledging it, accepting it and acting upon it (add reference here) or is it mine?.
There are many definitions of Authenticity, for instance Harter (2002) consider that Authenticity is: a?owing oneas personal experiences, they thoughts, emotions, needs, wants, preferences and beliefsa?
According to Harter, authenticity involves both owning your personal experiences but also acting in accordance with oneas true self (see Gardner, et al. 2005)
Reflexive question: if someone is deeply selfish should he or she behave accordingly?

Authentic Leadership Components (see Gardner et al. 2005) :

Self-Awareness
Self-Regulation
*Regulatory system based on intrinsic or core self
*Balanced processing: unbiased collection and interpretation of self-related information (+ or -)
*Authentic behavior
*Relationships
>Characteristics
Transparency
Openness
Trust
>Guidance towards worthy objectives
>An emphasis on follower development
Self-Acceptance

Benefits of Authentic Leadership (see Gardner et al. 2005):

Positive psychological states
>Optimal self-esteem
>Psychological well-being
*Confidence
*Optimism
*Hope
*Resilience
High likelihood of modeling and promoting the development of positive psychological states in others.
Produce high levels of trust, engagement and well-being among followers.
Authentic Leadership i?  Authentic Followership
>Through enhancing trust
>Reflecting integrity and commitment to core ethical values
>But within an inclusive, caring, ethical and strength based organizational climate.

Authentic Leadership as a Process:

Can we say that we are true to our a?one an onlya authentic self?
Rather than talking about authentic self we should be talking about (or referring to) an authentic process. By which we uncover the different layers of our true self as it evolves.
During the authentic process you not always act in accordance to your true self but sometimes you may act in spite of it.
>Example: being aware of oneas selfishness, and the emotions that giving something you want/love have on you, but acting generously in spite of that
Itas not a matter of being self-delusional (not seeing who you are) but working towards self-improvement with care and dedication.

Exploring your Authentic self within a group:

Think of a group at the University that you belong to
>What positive and negative characteristics do you display in that group? (visible)
>What positive and negative characteristics do you self-regulate in that group? (hidden to others)
>What do other people tell you about yourself? (explicit or implicit feedback; potentially hidden to yourself)
>What are their norms and what are their values?
*To what extent are they having an impact on you (and when)?
>How do you feel when you are part of that group (identity salient)
*How would you describe the positive emotions you feel?

Based on:
Haslam, S. A. (2004). Psychology in organizations: The social identity approach. (2nd ed.) London: Sage Publications. (Chapter 3)
Reicher, S. D., Haslam, S. A., & Platow, M. J. (2007). The new Psychology of Leadership. Scientific American Mind.
Haslam, S. A., Reicher, S. D., & Platow, M. J. (2010). The new Psychology of Leadership. Psychology Press

Basic Principles of Social Identity Perspective (Tajfel & Turner, 1979; Turner, et al., 1987)

Individuals can categorize themselves either as individual persons or as members of the groups to which they belong.

In the former case people define themselves in terms of a personal identity and their own idiosyncratic characteristics (Turner, 1982). In contrast, when a particular group membership is salient, individuals internalize group characteristics and derive relevant aspects of their sense of self from the group.

Social identity approach:

Social identity will be understood as that part of an individualas self-concept which derives from his or her knowledge of his or her membership of a social group (or groups) together with the value and emotional significance attached to that membershipa? (Tajfel, 1981, p. 255).

Identification: the extent to which the group is valued and self-involving (e.g. Turner, 1999).

The social identity approach (Haslam, 2004) :

The last decade has seen massive growth in applications of the social identity approach to the analysis of leadership
An extent body of research support three core ideas:
1)Leadership is contingent on leaders being prototypical of a social identity that they share with followers
2)Leaders need to represent and define social identity in context
3)Leaders therefore need to be entrepreneurs of identity

How to be a successful Authentic Leader?

Some researchers claim that a successful leader needs to have both: Authenticity + Integrity
>What problems do you see?
*Perception
*Acceptance
*Fit with the group and the organisation
*Others a¦
Should you be authentic to your group or authentic to yourself? Can you be both?

Authentic to your group vs. Authentic to yourself ?

A leader who is authentic and has integrity will be successful:
>In a context where they are both supported and valued
>In a context where an A + I leader is being consensually seen and accepted
>Where an A+I Leader represents the prototype of a group and therefore where he or she embeds the core values of the group.
>Others a¦

How would you define an Authentic Leader?

a?those who are deeply aware of how they think and behave and are perceived by others as being aware of their own and othersa values/moral perspectives, knowledge and strengths; aware of the context in which they operate and who are confident, hopeful, optimistic, resilient and of high moral charactera? (as cited in Avolio, Gardner et al., 2004)
PROBLEMS WITH THIS DEFINITION?
Alternative i?  journey towards authentic leadership

a?People who find their own voice rather than emulating those perceived to be good leadersa? (George, Sims, McLean & Mayer, 2007, HBR)
Aim of this module to help you find your own voice!

Authentic leader-ship development:

Developing authentic leaders: training program to help leaders to get insight into their own inner worlds.
In this module i?  individual inner journey
Authentic leadership development (ALD) is more complicated because it involves authentic relationships between leaders and followers (Avolio & Gardner, 20