Ow did James Baldwin believe the United States might surmount what WEB DuBois famously called a?the color line?a?
Question: How did James Baldwin believe the United States might surmount what WEB DuBois famously called a?the color line?a?
Book: James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time
Requirements: The essay must make specific reference to the book at least three times. The specific reference can be in the form of a direct quote; a short, paraphrased passage; a summary of a key point; or you can write something along the lines ofa¦a?as John Q. Smith argues or describes, the era of decolonization wasa¦..a?
Length: 3-4 typed pages, double-space, with standard margins and 12 inch font
Citations and Other Writing Tips
All sources must be cited. If you use a direct quotation or borrow an interpretive idea from a secondary work, you must cite it. The only exception is for well-established historical facts (i.e. a?common knowledgea?). You do not need a citation, for example, after stating that Columbus arrived in the Americas in 1492. If you have any doubts, it is always better to err on the side of caution and include a citation. If you provide a full bibliographical citation in the body of the text you do not need to include a Works Cited page or Bibliography at the end of the essay. If you donat provide a full citation within the text, a Works Cited Page/Bibliography will be required.
For short papers such as this one, it is acceptable to cite in parenthetical form: (Baldwin, p. 80) or (The Fire Next Time). Alternatively, you may use footnotes or endnotes (please consult a guide if you do so or talk to me). After your first full citation, you should use a short form in subsequent footnotes or endnotes. Whichever style you pick, you should be sure to be consistent throughout the paper in the way that you cite.
If you have a quotation that is more than one sentence long, you should use block quote style: single-spaced, indented, with no quotation marks. For example:
When a man has his wages stolen from him, year after year, and the laws sanction and enforce the theft, how can he be expected to have more regard to honesty than has the man who robs him? I have become somewhat enlightened, but I confess that I agree with poor, ignorant, much-abused Luke, in thinking he had a right to that money, as a portion of his unpaid wages.
Try to avoid long quotations when possible as they break up the flow of your paper. Book titles should be italicized or underlined (Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl). Punctuation should be placed inside quotation marks. Example: a?Trade,a? writes Cronon, a?was nothing new to the New England Indians.a?
Some other quick tips:
History took place in the past. Use the past tense.
Avoid the passive voice. a?Indians frequently set fire to South Atlantic forestsa? is stronger and more precise than a?South Atlantic forests were often burned.a?
Avoid colloquial language in formal academic writing. In class discussions, colloquial language (a?Portugal got hosed in the Treaty of Tordesillas!a?) is acceptable. Such usage is not acceptable in formal academic writing (rather: a?In retrospect, the Treaty of Tordesillas heavily favored Spain at the expense of Portugal.a?)
Always leave time to edit your drafts. The best historians in the world still produce lousy first drafts. Good writing takes time and a willingness to read (and re-read!) your own work with a critical eye.