Ow do differences in genre affect portrayals and conceptions of heroism?

to make the topic more specific, the instruction says that

For example, what elements define a hero as presented by Homer, compared to the elements that define a hero as presented in tragedy? Is the concept of heroism changed depending on the circumstances and context of various plays and playwrights? Is there a difference in portrayals of heroism for the gods in hymns as opposed to mortals in tragedy?”

We studied the books Euripides, <Medea> (Hackett, 2008) [EM]”, Lombardo, Stanley. <The Essential Homer> (Hackett, 2000) [EH]”, Sophocles, <The Theban Plays> (Hackett, 2003) [STP]”

Should be from these two books and more than 2 quotes should be used.

Header: You do not need an elaborate header (especially not one that takes up half a page). A title and your name is all that is needed at the top, you can also add the date for your own self-reference if you wish, but it is not required.

Citations: You do not need a works cited page or bibliography unless you are citing sources that we have not used in class. If you are only citing sources from class, simply use parenthetical citations throughout your paper. For Homer, cite book and line numbers, for Homeric Hymns cite line numbers, for tragedy cite line numbers, for lecture cite the date.

Examples: (Iliad 4.446-9), (Homeric Hymn to Apollo 335-45), (Medea 47-53), (Haluszka 10/28)

Length and Specifications

5 pages typed and double spaced, standard 1 inch margins, Times New Roman 12 pt. font.
Any length shorter than 4.75 pages or longer than 5.5 pages will be penalized. Any paper that does not follow the margin and font specifications will be penalized.

Breakdown of Grade: You will be given a percentage grade, based on the following breakdown:

Presentation 40%
i. Structure: Length/Organization 20%
ii. Mechanics: Spelling/Grammar/Clarity/Style 20%


Analysis 60%
i. Thesis 10%
ii. Argument with Supporting Evidence 50%
Your argument grade will primarily come from your analysis of the topic. Please note that summary is not an analysis. [See a?How to Write a Classics papera? for details and examples]

Presentation
- Structure: Length/Organization
Is your essay the appropriate length? Make sure you havenat just padded it with jibber jabber to make it longer. Concision means no fluff. On the other hand, be careful not to choose a subject matter that cannot be sufficiently addressed in a short essay: an essay that is too dense is also problematic. Is your thought progression clear? Do you use transitions (between paragraphs and between sentences) to help guide the reader? Is the overall structure (basically: introduction, body, conclusion) coherent?
- Mechanics: Spelling/Grammar/Clarity/Style
How is your spelling, grammar, and punctuation? If you proofread your work or can get someone else to do it, these should be easy points. Do you use the right words at the right times? Do you successfully employ rhetorical techniques to intrigue your reader and express yourself in interesting ways (without sacrificing clarity)? Is there personality in your writing?

Analysis
- Thesis
Is your thesis clearly stated? Does it appropriately respond to the assignment? Have you demonstrated why we should care about this claim? Donat forget to refer to this thesis throughout the essay so that your reader never loses sight of it, and confirm your thesis in the conclusion.
- Argument with supporting evidence
Do you support your claims with convincing evidence? Is there enough of it? Are you anticipating objectionsa at least the obvious ones? Is the evidence you provide to support your claim tailored to the appropriate audience? Usually you can think of your audience as an intelligent friend who has almost no prior knowledge of your subject matter. Anything that would not be deemed common knowledge should be explained. When in doubt, play it safe and define terms or summarize important background information. But do remember too that I am your audience, and if Iave told you to include specific kinds of evidence, I will be looking for it.

How to write a Classics Paper
General
a? Tone is important. Avoid slang, idiom, profanity, and the like.
a? Spelling, punctuation, and grammar matter. Proofread!
a? Avoid at all costs a paper that is primarily summary!! I cannot stress this enough. If you spend more than one sentence telling me what bit of the reading youre using to support a point, you may be simply restating the text. Assume I have read the reading as well, and dont explain whats in it beyond the relevant bits.
Structure
Thesis
Your essay must have a thesis a that is, an idea about the text that you want to convince people to agree with. This should take the form of a sentence (no more than 2) and be placed near the end of your opening paragraph.
a? Stay within the parameters of the topic assigned.
a? Dont state the obvious. Its too easy to prove Achilles is a man, or the sky is blue.
a? Pick something that you can use the text to prove.

Example Theses:
a? Because Achilles could choose his fate, he was more angry than other people when things went wrong.
a? In the Iliad Hector is not the main antagonist, but an innocent victim.
a? Patroclus secretly envied Achilles, and this is why he went into battle in Achilles armor.
All of these are not obvious, but can be proven by using the text. Also, theyre short, to the point, and interesting.
Intro, Body, Conclusion
Tips for the Introduction:
a? Dont start from the dawn of time, or make vast, sweeping general statements. Its ok on the History channel, but tacky in a scholarly paper.
a? Focus quickly, and dont retell the story.
a? Get to the point. The introduction need not be more than a few sentences.

Example Introduction:
Achilles rage was the focal point for the Iliad, but the nature of that rage was complex. There was something about it that was special, and thus made his rage the topic of its own epic. Because Achilles could choose his fate, he was more angry than other people when things went wrong.
The introduction is short, focused, and to the point, ending with the thesis.
Tips for the body:
a? Dont retell the plot or give more detail than is relevant to your argument. Assume your reader has read what you have read.
a? Cite! For every incident in the readings, you have to give a book and line number, in parenthesis (see below).
a? Flow is important. Map out how you will prove your point with an outline.
a? If you quote a short line, put it in quotes within the double-spaced text. Only do this if it is a line crucial to your argument.
a? If you cite a passage longer than four lines, indent and quote in single space. If you quote something this long, be sure that its so important to have the exact wording that a brief reference just wont do.

Example paragraph (Use parenthetical citations):

Rage is clearly the focal point of the epic. The first word a rage a focuses the readers attention on the fact that it is the emotion and not the man that he or she should follow as the main plot arc (Iliad 1.1). Because of this, one must ask what is so special about this rage that it can form the backbone of a 24 book epic. The key to this lies in something Achilles reveals during the embassy scene in book 9:
Mother tells me, the immortal goddess Thetis with her glistening feet, that two fates bear me on to the day of death. If I hold out here and I lay siege to Troy, my journey home is gone, but my glory never dies. If I voyage back to the fatherland I love, my pride, my glory dies. (Iliad 9.497-503.)

The key to this passage is in the two fates, which indicates that Achilles has the choice that, presumably, no other Achaean has. Achilles must choose between killing himself for the sake of his glory living on and the fact that if he chooses life for himself, a?My pride, my glory dies.a? (9.503).

Tips for the Conclusion
a? Try not to repeat yourself verbatim, but be sure to restate and