Ow does IT compromise security and the challenges governments/ legislators face

IT security / threat to the public IT products/inventions that pose potential threats to public such as 3D printing guns, knives and how legislators would try to uphold the law with breaching peoples freedoms.

Government having too much power: Clear example USA Patriot Act

John dalberg-acton 1st baron action, i??all power tends to corrupt and absolute power absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men.i??

Its title is a ten-letter backronym (USA PATRIOT) that stands for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001″
On May 26, 2011, President Barack Obama signed the PATRIOT Sunsets Extension Act of 2011, a four-year extension of three key provisions in the USA PATRIOT Act:[2] roving wiretaps, searches of business records (the Library records provision”), and conducting surveillance of Lone wolvesI??individuals suspected of terrorist-related activities not linked to terrorist groups.[3]

Balance of protection and freedom
One side government having too much power ignoring peoples freedoms, liberties
Other side government not doing anything (ignore this because evidently government does have too much power)
How is government, people, Organisations going to have robust technique, model to adapt to new technological progressions/innovations.
When something new in IT happens whether its 3d printing, Google glasses how do we determine and put in place laws to it is used safely without people being hurt, exploited and without having governments taking too much power and becoming corrupt.