Ow does middle school approaches particularly with an visual arts focus help to reengage kids?

The question is: How does middle school approaches particularly with an visual arts focus help to reengage kids?

This essay must also have a particular focus on disadvantaged students and students from diverse cultures.

Note: visual arts focus is extremely important.

THERE MUST BE 8 REFERENCES THROUGHOUT ESSAY AND REFERENCE LIST.
REFERENCE LIST MUST BE IN HARVARD FORMAT.