Ow does race influence judicial decisions specifically looking at children being tried as adults?

Proposal must have these sections:

1. Introduction

Introduce the topic and research question. Why is this topic/question interesting to you? Who cares about the answer? What will this study provide? Convince me that doing research on this topic is important to you and society in general.



2. Literature Review

Present a review of the literature that provides a context for your research. What have others said about this research question? How will this study add to or challenge the

literature? Optional: What sociological theories inform your thinking about this problem and/or shape your approach to studying this problem?



3. Methodological Design

Restate your research question or hypothesis. Summarize exactly what you propose to do and how you propose to do it. [E.g., This study will ASK WHAT QUESTION OR TEST WHAT HYPOTHESIS and use WHAT TYPE(S) OF METHODS for WHAT PURPOSE.] Is this a descriptive, exploratory, or explanatory study? Is this a qualitative or quantitative study? Will you take an inductive or deductive approach? If not discussed in the literature review, define variables, measurements and concepts.

--What methods have you chosen and why? What is it about this particular method of inquiry that will best answer your question(s)? Are there advantages/disadvantages of this method of inquiry? --Are there any validity/reliability issues with these methods? E.g., What techniques can

you use to increase the reliability and validity of your survey instrument? What methods can you use to increase the validity of your findings from your interview data? You can choose to talk about this here or in your data analysis section depending on your method and what techniques you choose to discuss.

--How will you collect your data? E.g. How will you administer the survey? How will you conduct interview? And why?

--What will your position/role be? This discussion will depend on your research question and method. E.g. Field work (insider/outsider; observer/participant); Focus group (as a

moderator what will you do?); Interview (relates to above question will you have participatory discussion for instance?); Survey (may not be relevant).

*Attach your survey instrument or your interview guide.

--If using multi-method or mixed methods, you will have a sub-section for each method. For mixed-methods, you might have two separate methodological sections.



*Sampling:

--Are probability or non probability methods appropriate for your research question? Why?

--If using probability methods discuss where you will get your sampling frame and what probability method you will use and why.

--If using non-probability method discuss what method you will use and why. What criteria will you use to pick sample and why?

--How will you gain access to either the sampling frame or find participants? What problems might arise and how will you try to minimize them?This will be very unique to the research question.



*Data analysis:

--How will you analyze your data? Will you use grounded theory, content analysis, or statistical analyses for instance and why? If you are using statistical analyses to compile survey data for instance, then you should discuss (briefly) what questions in your survey you might correlate.

--Do you anticipate any issues with interpretation and representation. These considerations are more directed for those using qualitative methods. Consider your insider /outsider position, drawing from the interviewing across differences or field work readings. You may also discuss validity/verification considerations here.



*Ethical issues:

--How will you protect confidentiality and use of the data? How will you gain consent?

--How will participants benefit? Is there any risk to participants?

--Will you consider any reciprocity?

--Are there any other issues that might come up during the research process?