Ow effective is sucrose for procedural pain management in term and preterm neonates above 36 week gestation


A 6000 word literature review project, which critically analyses and evaluates one

aspect of professional practice relevant to Nursing/ Midwifery.


The student will be required to:

i) build on skills, knowledge and understanding gained in the previous courses,

and demonstrate the ability to critically analyse and evaluate an aspect of

literature relevant to nursing/midwifery practice (meeting learning

outcomes: 1 & 2)

ii) demonstrate a thorough and systematic understanding of research processes

and critiquing skills throughout the review, (meeting learning outcomes: 2 & 3

iii) develop and utilise information and communication technology in order to

maintain an understanding of recent innovations and development in

care(meeting learning outcome 2 )

iv) based on evidence outlined, propose and justify a set of recommendations

for practice at local level (meeting learning outcomes 1,3,4,5)

Your project will be marked against the Level 6 grading criteria


Page Numbering

1. Pages should be numbered, 1 onwards from first page of text, in the centre

and at the foot of each page and should continue to the end, including


Paper size, spacing and margins

A4 paper to be used, typed on one side only, using 1.5 line spacing.

Reference list1.15 line spacing;

Appendicessingle line spacing if possible.

Left Margin (binding edge) 40mm

Other Margins 20mm

There should be

a) A title page, which contains the title of the review, the degree for which the project is submitted, word count.

b) An abstract of no more than 200 words (not included in word limit) which

includes an outline of the topic reviewed, the scope of the review in terms of

breadth of the literature search, a summary of the main issues addressed

and arising, conclusions drawn and recommendations for further

investigation, and practice development.

c) Acknowledgements to organisations, funding bodies (if appropriate),

supervisors, advisors and others who have contributed to the review.

d) A table of contents with chapter headings and sub-headings, references, and


e) The main review, divided into appropriate chapters, references, and

appendices (see below).15

The following chapters should be included:

Chapter 1. Introduction

This section should outline the rationale, aims and objectives of the review.

Background information to the topic reviewed should be provided. The

topic/question should be clearly introduced and set within the theoretical /

philosophical context of your area of study. For example, how does it relate to the

degree studies you are undertaking? Why is it necessary to undertake the review?

Key writers in the field must be included to provide a contextual background for

your review

The aims and objectives for your review should be clearly stated.

Parameters set for the literature search should be explained (e.g. time limits relating

to the year of publication of the papers reviewed, and language limitations relating

to the search, databases searched, key words used and hits achieved).

N.B a Allocate approximately 200 words to the parameter section of this chapter

Key search terms used (and where relevant MESH terms), including combinations

should be identified; the databases searched, and number of hits achieved should

be provided. The criteria for including studies selected for the review should also

be identified. (This can be tabulated and placed within the appendices if required).

(Chapter 1 approximately 1000 words)

Chapter 2. Critical Review of the Literature

This chapter should be organised according to the themes. Such themes should

emerge from the primary research gathered for your review and should be

discussed individually. In order to make this manageable it is likely that you will

have a minimum of two and a maximum of 3 themes or trends; where more themes

emerged you will discuss this in your introduction and give a rationale for why

youave chosen the themes selected for discussion.

When discussing your themes you will necessarily make reference to the studies you

selected for inclusion in your review. However you should also draw on wider

literature to determine whether the same themes/trends are apparent a this helps

you to demonstrate that you are able to synthesise and apply your knowledge.

Relevant research based evidence should be described and critically discussed. The

quality of the discussion is particularly important. You should attempt a critical

analysis, which is both coherent and balanced.16

You are required to demonstrate a thorough and systematic understanding of

research processes by clearly identifying strengths and weaknesses of

methodologies/approaches used by authors whose work have been reviewed.

The chapter should end with a summary

(Chapter 2. approximately 4000 words).

Chapter 3. Conclusion

Your conclusion should begin by summarising the key issues that led to the review

and the themes that arose. Based on your discussion in chapter two, you should

now be able to draw some overall conclusions within the context of your

professional practice. Implications and recommendations for future practice should

also be identified. The limitation of the review needs to be acknowledged.

(Chapter 3. approximately 1000 words).


All materials must be correctly and completely referenced according to accepted

School of Health & Social Care referencing system.


Must include

1A matrix which provides an overview of individual research papers reviewed.

2Supervision record of contact time with your allocated supervisor.

3-Any material pertinent to, but not immediately necessary to the review, may be

included as an appendix (but be sparing).