Ow gender Expectations Affect Both Paid and Unpaid Providers of Health Care”

This request requires you to write a short essays ( essay to be approximately 500 words or 2, typed/word processed, double-spaced pages, not including a title page or reference section). This short essay must respond to Statement 2 below,

You must make your position on the topic clear to the reader, and your analysis of each topic should be well balanced and critical. The discussion and arguments you present in your essay must also be informed by a relevant literature review. Thus this essay must include references to at least three sources that come from the content presented in your textbook and/or the Reading File. You may also choose to include additional references to sources noted in the  Supplementary Materials List at the end of each section or to other resources you may have consulted in preparing your analysis.

Statement 2

Based on and using examples from your assigned readings, critically discuss how gender expectations affect both paid and unpaid providers of health care. Include some analysis of ways in which the needs of women health care providers can be met.

This assignment promotes the development of the following  key skills: scholarly skills, critical analysis skills, research skills, and communication skills. The assignments developed provides you with an opportunity to demonstrate these skills. Your written work will be evaluated in terms of your ability to grasp the issues within the field of study, your understanding and evaluation of the literature contributing to the field, and the manner in which your evaluations and arguments are presented.

This essay will be evaluated according to its content; style and structure; originality and creativity; and references and citations. These four components are closely related. It would, for example, be very difficult to assess the content in an essay that was poorly written and haphazardly organized. Similarly, without proper references and citations, the originality and creativity of an assignment would be difficult to assess.

Content (30 points)

Have you researched the issue sufficiently so as to demonstrate a full knowledge of your topic?

Have you addressed the different perspectives on the issue?

Is your analysis of the literature and the issues a critical analysis?

Is the information you present synthesized and summarized in a competent manner?

Are your arguments well developed and thoroughly supported?

Does your essay leave the reader with the impression that all of the major questions have been considered and addressed?

Would someone who was knowledgeable about the topic find your essay informative?

Does your essay provide the reader with any new ideas?

Style and Structure (20 points)

Are the topics and new ideas clearly introduced?

Has your information been organized in a logical manner (e.g., used subtitles or headings to improve organization)?

Have you included appropriate transitions between paragraphs and sections, and used strong, logical links to connect arguments?

Have you addressed important issues in such a way that someone who is unfamiliar with this topic can understand them?

Does your paper have a strong conclusion?

Is your sentence structure, syntax, and grammar appropriate?

Has your paper been carefully proofread to ensure that it is free of typographical, spelling, and grammatical errors?

Originality and Creativity (30 points)

Have you presented your analysis and arguments in a way that is more than just a restatement of what others have said about these issues?

Have you compared, contrasted, and integrated the different viewpoints and material on the subject in a way that shows that you have a thorough understanding of the issues?

Have you raised points that others may not have addressed, or presented a new position?

Is your essay insightful and perceptive?

Does your essay provide evidence of creative thinking?

References and Citations (20 points)

Have you included a sufficient number of references (see assignment directions)?

Have you incorporated both the theoretical and the empirical literature on the subject into your paper?

Have references been appropriately integrated into the text of the paper?

Do all references and citations adhere to an appropriate or

The Gender of Care Providers: Doctors, Nurses, and Community Care

This section should help you to recognize how gender expectations can affect the providers of health care, and to see how the needs of women health care providers can be met. Section 1.2 looks at women who are unpaid caregivers, women who are physicians, and women who are nurses. All of the articles and readings for this section consider the relationship between the social expectations of women in general, and of the health care providers in particular.


After you have completed this section, you should be able to

1. comment on how gender continues to affect the work of doctors and nurses.

2. identify ways in which gender is an issue for unpaid health care providers in the community.

3. suggest ways in which the needs of women health care providers can be met.

The Gender of Care Providers: Doctors, Nurses, and Community Care

Ceci, C. & McIntyre, M. (2001, July). A  quiet crisis in health care: Developing our capacity to hear. Nursing Philosophy, 2(2), 122-130.

Online article

The authors examine factors that have contributed to a nursing shortage in Canada.

Cohen, M. (1997, December). Cracking the glass ceiling. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 157(12), 1713-1714.

Online article

Examines issues related to women and gender equality in medical fields in Canada, as of December 15, 1997. Cohen presents a number of statistics related to women and the medical field and provides information on the numbers of women physicians in Canada as well as their marginalization in the field.

Evans, J. (2004, August). Men nurses: A historical and feminist perspective. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 47(3), 321-328.

Online article

Joan Evans provides a historical and feminist perspective of the history of male nurses in Canada.

Romanow, R. J. (2002). Investing in health care providers. In Final report: Building on values: The future of health care in Canada (pp. 91-114). Ottawa: Health Canada.


On November 28, 2002, Justice Roy Romanow, head of the Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, recommended sweeping changes to ensure the long-term sustainability of Canada?s health care system. Chapter 4 of the final report provides information on past, current, and future trends for health care workers, with an emphasis on the plight of nurses. The Health Canada home page is found at http://ca.

Sibbald, B. (2002, October). Feminization of medicine people say it like it s a bad thing.

Please us a reference from this book& .

Course Materials


The Boston Womens Health Book Collective. (2005). Our bodies, ourselves: A new edition for a new era. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Sharon Hunter