Ow Greenare hotels and what defines them green?

How really green are hotels? Are they Reallygreen or is it another method of saving money?

A key element of your research must be the demonstration of a critically evaluative approach. You will also be expected to demonstrate:

Comprehension of the research/literature underpinning the business area being investigated

Understanding of research skills, including research design and collection of primary and/or secondary data.

The ability to present and analyse quantitative and qualitative data in a way that communicates effectively

The ability to draw relevant conclusions, and where appropriate present feasible recommendations.

The ability to clearly communicate the research findings in the form of a written report.

Size, structure and presentation

The report should be no more than 6000 words in length, counted from the Introduction up to and including the conclusions/recommendations and therefore excluding the front cover, the title page, the executive summary, tables and charts, the bibliography and appendices. It is a requirement that students state the word total on the title page of the report. Failure to adhere to the maximum word count of 6000 will result in a penalty being applied and the mark will normally be restricted to a maximum of 50%.

The structure of the report should progress logically from the clear specification of research objectives to recommendations and where appropriate, implementation.

Report presentation should conform to the following conventions:

A word-processed document

3cm margin on the left and 2.54cm margins on the right, top and bottom

Standard, non-cursive 12 point font e.g. Elite, Times Roman, Arial

All lines to begin at left-hand margin ie no indenting

Fully justified text

Double-line spacing

An extra line of space between each paragraph

Follow the conventions on spacing after punctuation marks

Start new chapters on a new page

Pages numbered

Use a decimal numbering system for headings and sub-headings within each chapter (e.g. 1.0, 1.1, 1.2) a not for each paragraph

Number tables and figures consecutively in each chapter e.g. in Chapter 1 table 1.1, table 1.2, fig 1.1, fig 1.2 etc.

Number the appendices

Printed only on one side of A4 paperThe Research Project is required to have a standard front cover page and a standard title page

Format and structure of the Research Project

Front cover use light card

Title page

An Executive Summary in which you convincingly and powerfully communicate your findings and your recommendations in a maximum of one page

Acknowledgements if any

Contents page a chapters, headings and subheadings with page numbers; plus a list of tables, diagrams and figures

Referencing Requirements:

You must correctly submit your own work and avoid copying from books or other texts (including organisational documents) without attribution or quotations (plagiarism). Plagiarism refers to attempts to pass off other peopleas concepts, ideas, language, sentences or phrases as your own. This is unacceptable. When you do need to draw on someone elseas work, there are two ways of doing it direct quotation or legitimate paraphrasing. To show you how to do this, the following passage from page 217 of Harriet Bradleyas book Gender and Power in the Workplace (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999) will be used as an example:

I have argued that the relations of wage labour have been affected by the increased competitiveness of lean, mean globalizing consumer capitalism. This has brought an increasing sense of insecurity to hitherto more protected groups of employees, such as office staff and public-sector professionals, as organizations restructure their employment hierarchies and downsize to get rid of slacka?.

1. Direct quotation

If you wanted to quote from Bradleyas work directly there are two ways of doing it. For example:

a?the relations of wage labour have been affected by the increased competitiveness of Lean, mean globalizing consumer capitalisma (Bradley 1999 p.217).


According to Bradley (1999 p.217), a?the relations of wage labour have been affected by the increased competitiveness of Lean, mean globalizing consumer capitalisma.

In both cases the three necessary components are the authoras name, the year of the publication and the page number(s).

2. Legitimate paraphrasing

If you wanted to include Bradleyas arguments in your Research Project, but without using direct quotations from her book, then you may paraphrase them, i.e. put them in your own words. There are two ways of doing this:

Bradley (1999) has argued that recent organizational restructuring, arising out of global economic change, has had a deleterious impact on staff who have previously enjoyed relatively stable conditions of employment.


Recent organizational restructuring, arising out of global economic change, has had a deleterious impact on staff who have previously enjoyed relatively stable conditions of employment (Bradley, 1999).

Note that only the authoras name and the year of the publication is necessary when paraphrasing. However, if the argument you are using appears in a small section of the original text then it is a good idea also to include the page number(s).

Remember that it is important you do not copy the original with only minor variations. The following would be unacceptable:

Increasingly competitive global capitalism is greatly affecting wage labour relations. The result of this has been that hitherto once protected employees, especially public-sector professionals and staff working in offices have suffered from increasing insecurity, particularly as the employment hierarchies of organizations have been reduced to eliminate slack.


Your bibliography should be arranged in alphabetical order of authors/editors.

For books you need the author, year of publication, title, place of publication and publisher. The title of the book can either be underlined, set in italics or set in bold for emphasis. For example:

Bradley, H. (1999) Gender and Power in the Workplace, Basingstoke: Macmillan.

For a chapter in an edited book you need the author, year of publication, title of chapter, editor(s), title of book, place of publication, publisher and page numbers. For example:

Waddington, J. and Whitston, C. (1995) a?Trade unions: growth, structure, policya, In Edwards, P. K. (ed.), Industrial Relations: Theory and Practice in Britain, Oxford: Blackwell, pp.151-202.

For an article in a periodical or journal you need author, year of publication, title of article, name of journal, volume number, part number and page numbers. Periodicals and newspapers may not have volume and part numbers, but a date of publication. For example:

Heery, E. (1998) a?The relaunch of the Trades Union Congressa, British Journal of Industrial Relations, 36, 3, pp.339-360.

Keep, E. (1999) a?Missing linksa, People Management, 28 January, p.35.

If you use material from the internet, then you should include the title of the web site, its address and the date you accessed it. For example:

Giddens, A. (1999) Runaway World: BBC Reith Lectures, reith_99/default.htm (accessed 8th June 1999).

Two final points to bear in mind. If you use texts published by the same author in the same year then you should use the following format. Imagine you have used these two articles by Jamie Peck:

Peck, J. (1991) a?Letting the market decide (with public money): Training and Enterprise Councils and the future of labour market programmesa, Critical Social Policy, 31, pp.4-17.

Peck, J. (1991) a?The politics of training in Britain: contradictions in the TEC initiativea, Capital and Class, 44, pp.23-34.

Use as many as possible journals and environment reports such as:Brundtland Report