Pplication of Behavior Analysis-Case Study
For this project, you will analyze case study questions using the concepts covered in this course. While you should rely primarily on the textbook readings, you also may use Internet research should you choose.The only reference that is actually needed is our text book and the site for that is…
Cooper, J. O., Heron, T. E., & Heward, W. L. (2007, 1987). Applied Behavior Analysis. (2nd ed., pp. 1-770). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, Inc.
The total project must be between 2-3 pages in 12 point font. Please be sure to use proper APA format for all sources used. Direct quoting of sources should be kept to a minimum. For additional help, refer to the APA Quick Reference on the Course Home Page or to the Kaplan Writing Center.
Brendan is a 17-year-old competitive tennis player who has been referred to a sports psychologist with a specialization in ABA for assistance with some difficulties he has been having with his serve. According to Brendans coach, he is not hitting the serve with enough speed or accuracy to help him win matches.
After interviewing Brendan and reviewing the available data from videotapes of Brendans serve, the behaviorist decides to use behavior chaining to help Brendan. The behaviorist breaks down the serve into individual units of behavior, including: the starting position; ball toss; swing of the racket back; acceleration of the racket, contact with the ball; and follow-through.
Answer the following questions:
1. Provide the rationale for the behaviorists selection of behavior chaining to help Brendan.
2. Discuss the concepts of primary and secondary reinforcement and how these work in behavior chaining. You may provide a different example to illustrate these concepts if necessary.
3. Suppose that Brendan was having difficulty mastering an aspect of the behavior chain. What would the behaviorist do to help with the mastery of this component of the chain?
4. Discuss the two ways that mastery of a unit of behavior may be assessed.
Ms. Riley has recently begun teaching a class of third-grade children. This is a very energetic class that has tried the patience of many teachers. In fact, Ms. Riley is the third teacher the school has asked to teach this class during this academic year. To make matters worse, the majority of students did not earn passing marks on a state-administered exam of basic skills. Ms. Riley believes the primary problem is class time lost to constant disruption. Some of the major problems in the classroom include: fighting; yelling out answers/questions; failing to remain seated during work times; and failure to complete in-class assignments.
Ms. Riley contacted an ABA professional to develop some effective behavior modification methods that would help the class settle down and be able to learn. The behaviorist recommended a token economy system in which Ms. Riley would contract with the students on desired behaviors. Each day that went without incident would allow the class to earn a puzzle piece that would be glued to the classroom wall. When the entire puzzle became complete, the entire class would be treated to a pizza party and would not have homework for two weekends in a row.
1. Discuss the rationale for the behaviorists recommendation of a token economy system to help Ms. Riley with her class.
2. Explain the six steps in forming a token economy and the rationale for each step.
3. Discuss the role of tokens and back-up reinforcers in the token economy system. How does each work to modify behavior? Using the case study, identify the token and back-up reinforcer.