Raft Proposal Title Accident and Investigation into the cause of a Nuclear explosion at Chernobyl and the Health effects from the Radiation
What the Green Movement Got Wrong (63 mins) [S]
9PM Thursday 04 Nov 2010 Channel 4
A group of environmentalists across the world believe that, in order to save the planet, humanity must embrace the very science and
technology they once so stridently opposed.
In this report we will be looking at what caused the accident on that spring morning on April 1986. The nuclear power plant built in Chernobyl around 1978 became one of the worlds biggest disasters, it was considered at that time to be a model plant for the USSR. There were many mistakes on the days that followed up to the 1986 accident from plant operators to Managers, coupled with a flawed Soviet reactor in its design. The health effects from the radiation: The clinical name for radiation sickness is acute radiation syndrome (ARS) Radiation poisoning, radiation sickness or a creeping dose. There are other diseases that can develop from radiation exposure, mainly cancer,tumours and genetic damage referred to as stochastic effects of radiation.
Accident and Investigation:
The purpose of the investigation is to establish what caused the accident at Chernobyl at the Nuclear power plant in1986, the procedures that were in place and the health effects and the risks to the workers and to the society; also the after effects from the radiation on the environment.
The data that has been researched will be from the internet and also various books these will be stored on a data base for future reference.
This accident in Chernobyl at the Nuclear power plant in 1986 was the result in a flawed reactor design,some of the employees who operated the plant were inadequately trained even Managers turned away maintenance personal before the explosion. The resulting steam explosion and fires released at least 5% of the radioactive reactor core into the atmosphere and downwind. The two plant workers that died on the night of the accident, were at the front of the explosion within a few weeks a further 28 people died from acute radiation syndrome (ARS) radiation poisoning. The people from Chernobyl are still in the process of Resettlement of areas from which people were relocated is still ongoing. This accident destroyed the Chernobyl 4 reactor, killing 30 operators and firemen within three months and several further deaths later. One person was killed immediately and a second died in hospital soon after as a result of injuries received. Another person is reported to have died at the time from a coronary thrombosis Acute radiation syndrome (ARS) was originally diagnosed in 237 people on-site and involved with the clean-up and it was later confirmed in 134 cases. Of these, 28 people died as a result of ARS within a few weeks of the accident. Nineteen more subsequently died between 1987 and 2004 but their deaths cannot necessarily be attributed to radiation exposure Nobody off-site suffered from acute radiation effects although a large proportion of childhood thyroid cancers diagnosed since the accident is likely to be due to intake of radioactive iodine fallout Furthermore, large areas of Belarus, Ukraine, Russia and beyond were contaminated in varying degrees.
The Chernobyl disaster was a unique event and the only accident in the history of commercial nuclear power where radiation-related fatalities occurred However, the design of the reactor is unique and the accident is thus of little relevance to the rest of the nuclear industry outside the then Eastern Bloc.