Re defendants in criminal trials sufficiently protected against the use of improperly obtained evidence?

every quote etc needs to be footnoted, harvard style referencing and bibliography.

look at attachment closely
Keane-Chapter 3
I H Dennis-Law of Evidence-3rd Edition-Chapter 8
Paul Roberts and Adrian Zukerman-Criminal Evidence-Chapter 4

Articles -
Ashworth  Excluding Evidence as Protecting Rights [1977] Crim LR 732
Andrew Choo and Susan NashWhats the matter with section 78?[1999] Crim LR 929
Ormerod and Birch-The Evolution of the Discretionary Exclusion of Evidence-[2004] Crim LR 767


Andrew Sanders  Constructing the case for the prosecution Journal of Law and Society 14 1987
Ashworth-Should the police be allowed to use deceptive practices? [1998] 114 LQR 108
Di Birch  The PACE Hots Up [1989] Crim LR 95

Article 6 and the Fairness of Trials-Andrew Ashworth [1999] Crim LR 261.

Covert Surveillance and the European Convention on Human RightsSteve Uglow [1999] Crim LR 287

Simon McKay: Entrapment: competing views on the effect of the Human Rights Act on English criminal law (2002) No 6 Pages 764-774

David Ormerod: ECHR and the exclusion of evidence: trial remedies for Article 8 breaches? [2003] Criminal Law Review 6

Birch, Dexcluding evidence from entrapment: what is a fair cop 1994

Carter P.BEvidence obtained by use of covert listening device 1997 113 LQR 468
Robertson, Gentrapment evidence: Manna from heaven or fruit of the poisoned tree? 1993


R v Sang [1979] 2 All ER122
R v Mason [1987] 3 All ER 481
R v Harvey [1988] Crim LR 241
R v Keenan [1989] 3 All ER 598
R v Aspinall [1999] Crim LR 741-(case and commentary)
R v Khan [1996] 3 WLR 162-
R v Chalkley + Jeffries [1998] 2 Cr App R 79-(read only those parts of the judgment dealing with section 78).
Khan v United Kingdom [2001] 31 EHRR 1016
R v Smurthwaite [1994] 1 All ER 898
Teixeira de Castro v Portugal (1998) 28 EHRR 101
Attorney-Generals Reference No 3 of 2000/R v Loosely [2001] 1 WLR 2060
R v Latif and Shazard [1996] 1 WLR 104
Allan v United Kingdom [2003] 36 EHRR
R v Christou [1992] 4 All ER 559
R v Edward Grant [2005] 3 WLR 437