Re Reproductive Rights and Family Planning Taken for Granted? (responses)
I will attach the readings to this order.
For the posts below write two individual responses. Write about the topic and your opinion on the issue. In the responses do not critique the writers writing or paraphrase the posts.
The following posts responded to the questions below:
One of the things I was hoping this weeks readings would illustrate for you is how very recent it is for us to have continuous, easy access to birth control and contraception, as well as other reproductive procedures. A century is very, very little time in historic terms, and even though medical and legal barriers started to break down during World War I, and diaphragms and condoms came into much wider use, the oral contraceptive pill was not developed and approved until 1960.
As I mentioned in the learning objectives, reproductive rights broadly conceived also include the right to decide when and how to have children, the right to work and have children at the same time, access to legal and medically safe abortions, and access to medical technology that aids fertility. This is a broad range of legal, medical, and economic changes that were not available until about sixty years ago, and yet most people assume that they have been and always will be present. On the other hand, there has also been a long chain of abuse and sterilization of women without their knowledge, and underground abortions that were often fatal or incredibly damaging because they were neither sterile nor done by a qualified medical professional.
Sanger talks about the dangers of overpopulation and the detrimental effect on womens bodies and minds when they are forced to bear too many children without any way to prevent and space their births. DuBois talks about the necessity of allowing women the exercise of their minds, their economic earning power, and their maternal instincts, and stresses in particular that this is important for African-American women, who are often part of the workforce out of necessity. They should not have to choose between celibacy and satisfying work, or marriage and motherhood (since, in his time, married and pregnant women were often fired as a matter of course). Alva Myrdal stresses this same necessity for all women, the ability to have both fulfilling work and children.
Davis really focuses on the ways that we frame Propermotherhood and who is allowed access to birth control and fertility treatments, and the reasons behind that access. She talks about who was involuntarily sterilized, how our concept of Goodparenting needs to be changed, and why our old models concerning children and parenting might not work anymore.
Please answer the following:
1. Does it change your perspective to know that continuous access to birth control, fertility treatments, etc., was so very recent? Had you ever thought about what would happen if the laws allowing those things were repealed, if access to that reproductive control was taken away?
2. Had you ever thought about which portions of the population are encouraged to become parents and which arent? Which people are encouraged to use birth control? Which ones are encouraged to seek help with fertility, and who is Encouragednot to give birth at all?
3. How do you think our concepts of family and reproduction are changing? It has been 23 years since Davis wrote her article, even longer since the other articles, and while some of the problems detailed in them remain the same, in other ways families have changed drastically. What still seems to ring true from this weeks readings, and what has changed in the last 25 to 100 years? How has the focus of the argument over reproductive rights changed?
1. Birth Control
I find it very interesting that these birth control options are so recent; especially the oral pill was not available until 1960. I think that if these birth control options were all taken away there would be a lot of consequences. I think either there would be a lot less sex, or there would be a lot more woman having children and dropping out of school, or being taken away from their jobs.
I think the major difference in who should use birth control, and who is unfit to take care of a child really should just deal with your age and financial situation. People under 18 I think should all use it if they are sexually active, as well as people who wouldni??t be able to provide a decent childhood for their child, whether iti??s due to money, maturity, or if youi??re just not ready.
I think birth control has become more and more accepted in society today, I feel like the majority of woman now days are using birth control if they areni??t trying to have a child. I feel like the argument isni??t about if anymore, its about what kind and why you need it. Religion is still a problem some religions believe that birth control in any way is still a sin.
2. Reproductive Rights
It definitely does change my perspective to know that birth control is not that old. I can not believe it was not too long ago that people were granted access to it. I think if the laws were repealed and access to birth control was taken away the world would end. I think people rely heavily on birth control to prevent pregnancy, especially at a young age. I think many people would be highly upset. There would be a huge increase in population because of all the babies that would be born. We would experience the population crisis like Sweden. With an increase in population, other things become scarce, like jobs and money.
The people that are encouraged to become parents are couples that have their life put together. A couple that is happily married and have stable jobs and are ready for kids. People who can afford it are encouraged to take birth control. Young teens are the age group that should take it to prevent teen pregnancy. Mothers that can not get pregnant for whatever reason seek help through fertility. I think fertility is a great option to have. This way women that cannot get pregnant themselves can still have children and have the mother child experience. Women who are not emotionally, financially, or physically ready should not bear children.
I think our concepts of family and reproduction are changing drastically. Rather, the socioeconomic conditions within which reproductive technologies are being developed, applied, and rendered accessible..(Kolmar & Bartkowski, 2013). Today more women are getting help through reproductive technologies. Such as in vitro which has been proven to be highly successful. Another option is a surrogate mother, she carries the baby for a person. This another option that is quite successful. The easy access to birth control and reproductive technologies still ring true today. I think our technologies have advanced a lot over the past twenty five to one hundred years. That has been a deciding factor whether or not to keep allowing it. I think now women are having babies for all the right reasons. The focus has changed from arguing over giving access to birth control to making sure there is enough for everybody. Birth control is such a huge epidemic today that almost every girl a person meets will have birth control. Better this than a huge jump in population.
Kolmar, W. & Bartkowski, F. (2013). Feminist Theory. (4th ed.). New York, NY: The McGrawHill companies