Re the Challenges Facing Contemporary Africans the Product of Internal or External Historical Forces?

Research Paper: Students will compose a 15-page essay on the topic: Are the Challenges Facing Contemporary Africans the Product of Internal or External Historical Forces?”. The paper will be based on research into primary and secondary sources (including assigned course texts) and will make a historical argument. The paper will include a title page, narrative text, endnotes, and a bibliography (see style sheet). This paper will be part of the departmental program for outcome assessment. It is worth one-sixth (50 points) of the final grade.
SOURCES: Gilbert, Erik & Jonathan T. Reynolds. Africa in World History: From Prehistory to the Present. 3d ed. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2012); Moseley, William g. Taking Sides: Clashing Views on African Issues. 3nd ed. Dubuque: McGraw-Hill, 2009; SomA©, Malidoma Patrice. Of Water and the Spirit: Ritual, Magic, and Initiation in the Life of an Africa Shaman. New York: Penguin, 1994; Niane, D.T. Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali. Edinburgh Gate: Longman, 1996; Achebe; Chinua. Arrow of God. New York: Anchor Books, 1974; Various handouts and documents. Use of any outside sources will result in a grade of zero
THEMES: In this interpretive analysis students are to explore the following key themes:
i · What are the principal challenges facing contemporary Africa;
i · What historical forces contributed to these challenges;
i · Was causation chiefly attributable to outside forces;
i · Has causation been principally the result of African actions;
i · If both external and internal factors caused such challenges, are each equally influential, and, if not, then how does one prioritize causative influence;
i · Was causation intentional or unintentional;
i · In what ways may these challenges be linked together, and;
i · How have efforts to deal with these challenges reflected historical patterns and external/internal agency?
INSTRUCTIONS:
SYTLE SHEET & STUDY AIDS
Instructions: Use this style sheet to format your paper.
Citing Material: Use Chicago Style. You may use either footnotes or endnotes (no parenthetical citations). Bibliography entries should be single spaced with two spaces between separate entries. Bibliographic citations should be listed in alphabetic order (no numerical ordering) with primary sources listed first under the following heading: Primary Sources. Secondary sources are listed in a separate section under the following heading: Secondary Sources.
Footnotes and endnotes are numbered in progressive order (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6...) with no number repeated.
In a paper of this type, a general rule of thumb will be 2-3 citations of sources per page. Cite sources for the following reasons:
1. Quotation of material from a source;
2. Paraphrasing of material from a source;
3. Use of specialized data, terminology, or theories from a source;
4. Commentary made upon a source, and;
5. Presentation of historiographical arguments made among sources.
Formatting:
Font: Type: Times New Roman or Roman. Size: 10 or 12. Color: Black
Spacing: Double space text and single space notes and bibliography. Lengthy quotations (three or more lines in original text) are indented 5 spaces from both margins and single spaced. These quotations do not need quotation marks at the beginning or end of the block quotation.
Margins: All margins should be one-inch save block quotations mentioned above.
Title Page: A separate title page begins the paper. The title page will include in order on separate lines: (beginning ten lines down from the top of the page) Title, Student Name (skip down ten lines), Course Number, Date.
Grammar and Style:
1. Use active voice, not passive.
2. Write using third person, not first person.
3. Avoid contractions, jargon, slang, and other colloquial expressions.
4. Indent the beginning of each paragraph five spaces. No superfluous spacing between paragraphs.
5. Use proper punctuation, correct spelling, and proper word choice.
6. Write in past tense except when referring to a living text (i.e., book, article).
7. Develop paragraphs effectively. Each paragraph requires a topic sentence, supporting evidence, and a transitional element to the following paragraphs. While paragraph length will vary, a general rule of thumb is that most of your paragraphs will run 1/2 to 2/3 of a page.
8. Refer to historical persons either by their full name or surname. Do not, for example, refer to George Washington as simply George.”