Re traumatic events central to understanding the causation of post-traumatic stress, as the name implies?
As a general point, please note that during the course of writing coursework essay, the citation of appropriate references to empirical and conceptual work in the psychology of mental health so as to substantiate and illustrate key points is strongly recommended. When marking your coursework and examination essays, examiners will adhere to criteria as follows here:
First: The work should be exceptionally good for an undergraduate. It should meet all the criteria, for an Upper Second but in addition, it should excel on at least one of the following:
(1) critical evaluation;
(2) integration of a range of materials;
(3) depth of insight into theoretical issues; and,
(4) originality of exposition or treatment
Kring, A.M., Johnson S.L., Davison, G.C., & Neale, J.M. (2013). Abnormal psychology, (12th Edition) New York: Wiley.
Adams, P.R. & Adams, G.R. (1984). Mount Saint Helens Ashfall: Evidence for a disaster stress reaction. American Psychologist, 39, 3, 252-260.
Breh, D.C. & Seidler, G.H. (2007). Is peritraumatic dissociation a risk factor for PTSD? Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 8, 1, 53-69.
Brewin, C.R., Andrews, B. & Valentine, J.D. (2000). Meta-analysis of risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 4, 748-66.
Card, J.J. (1987). Epidemiology of PTSD in a national cohort of Vietnam veterans. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 1, 6-17.
Green, B.L., Grace, M.C., Lindy, J.D., Titchener, J.L. & Lindy, J.G. (1983). Levels of functional impairment following a civilian disaster: The Beverly Hills supper club fire. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 4, 573-580.
Hodgkinson, P.E. & Stewart, M. (1998). Coping with Catastrophe: A Handbook of Post-disaster Psychological Aftercare. (2nd Ed.) London: Routledge.
Joseph, S., Yule, W. & Williams, R.M. (1997). Understanding post traumatic stress: A psychosocial perspective on PTSD and treatment. London: Wiley.
McFarlane, A.C. (1989). The aetiology of post-traumatic morbidity: Predisposing, precipitating and perpetuating factors. British Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 221-228. (see library photocopy collection)
McKenzie, C.D. & Wright, L.S. (1996). Delayed post-traumatic stress disorder. New York: Harwood.
McLean, L.I., McDermott, M.R. & May, C. (2000). Method of delivery & subjective distress: Womenas emotional responses to childbirth practices. Journal of Reproductive & Infant Psychology, 18, 2, 153-162.
Nader, K.O., Pynoos, R.S., Fairbanks, L.A., Al-Ajeel, M. et al (1993) A preliminary study of PTSD and grief among the children of Kuwait following the Gulf crisis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 32, 4, 407-416.
National Institute for Health & Clinical Excellence (2005) NICEa guidelines on PTSD: CG26
Orner, R.J. (1992). Post-traumatic stress disorders and European war veterans. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31, 387-403.
Ozer, E.J., Best, S.R., Lipsey. T.L. & Weiss. D.S. (2003). Predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder and in symptoms in adults: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 1, 52-73.
Parkinson, F. (1993). Post-trauma stress. London: Sheldon Press.
Porter, M. & Haslam, N. (2001). Forced displacement in Yugoslavia: A meta-analysis of psychological consequences and their moderators, Journal of Traumatic Stress, 14, 4, 817-834.
Peterson, K.C. (1991). Post-traumatic stress disorder: A clinicians guide. New York: Plenum Press.
Scott, M.J. & Stradling, S.G. (1994). Post-traumatic stress disorder without the trauma. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33, 71-74.
Taylor, S.E. (1988). Illusion and well-being: A social psychological perspective on mental health. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 193-210.
Taylor, S.E. (1989) Positive illusions: Creative self-deception & the healthy mind. New York: Basic Books.
Thompson, J. (1985). Psychological aspects of nuclear war. Leicester: British Psychological Society.
Wardi, D. (1992). Memorial candles: Children of the holocaust. London: Routledge.
Yalom, I.D. (1989). Loves executioner and other tales of psychotherapy. London: Penguin. (See Chapter 5 I never thought it would happen to me)
Zimbardo, P., McDermott, M.R., Jansz, J. & Metaal, N. (1995). Psychology, A European Text. London: Harper Collins. [see: Chapter 14, Abnormal Psychology, pp. 539-541 re. opening case (Estonia ferry disaster) and analysis; & Chapter, 11, Health Psychology, pp.425-427].