Ree Will and Determinism, Does Ethical Objectivity Require God
Philosophy 1: Introduction to Philosophy (Winter 2015)
Writing Assignment #2
Write a two-page (double-spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font, 1-inch margins) essay on each of the following two topics. Your essays should NOT include any introduction, conclusion, footnotes, bibliography, or any other paraphernalia of the standard college term paper. Avoid the use of jargon (any term that would be unfamiliar to someone who has not taken a philosophy course) and -isms (for example, relativism, subjectivism, nihilism) UNLESS you give a precise definition of the term with its first occurrence in your essay. Best to play it safe, though: a philosophical essay ought to be written in clear, and so short, declarative sentences.
(1) Ted Sider, in his essay Free Will and Determinism,writes that Freedom seems to conflict with a certain apparent fact. Incredibly, this fact is no secret; most people are fully aware of it. We uncritically accept free will only because we fail to put two and two together(p. 113). What is this Apparent factthat conflicts with freedom of the will? Describe as clearly as you can the line of reasoning that starts from this Apparent factand ends in the conclusion that no one ever acts freely. The compatibilist (or so-called soft determinist) thinks that my action can be both determined (that is, caused by events that occurred before my birth) and free. What, for the compatibilist, does free mean when used to describe action? And why cant a free action be defined as one that is caused by a persons beliefs and desires?
(2) In Does Ethical Objectivity Require God,Russ Shafer-Landau argues that The best option for theists is to reject the Divine Command Theory (DCT), and so reject the idea that things are right just because God commands them(p. 83). (A theist, remember, is someone who believes that God, understand as an immaterial and completely perfect being, exists.) What is the Divine Command Theory, and why does Shafer-Landau think that even the theist should reject it? To answer this question youll need to describe the line of reasoning that starts from the question, When God commands us to do some action X, does he have a reason for commanding us to do X? How is it supposed to follow from either of the two possible answers the Divine Command Theorist can give to this question -Yes or No-that (DCT) is false?
Added on 12.02.2015 23:20
please follow my notes to write this paper. it list something that should be included in this paper. Thanks!