Rgumentative Research Essay ( Digital Divide )

This argumentative research essay asks you to take a stand on a relevant issue and to use language to facilitate positive social action.A  Students apply rhetorical principles such as ethos, pathos, and logosA as they write forA a real audience of their choice. For this assignment, you will research a topic of personal and social significance (Digital Divide ) and then argue for change. You can think of the assignment as a a?Problem & Solutiona? because your topic should matter to you but it should be a a?problema? in society and the a?solutiona? should present a logical and back-up theory. There are a wide variety of topics that you could write about; ask yourself what in the world needs changing, perhaps on a local, global, political, or social level.A  Your job is to convince your readers of the importance of your chosen topic and motivate them to enact change by offering a well-researched and persuasive argument.
A Successful Essay will:
Construct an argument that works as a tool for change
Introduce the issue/problem and the controversy
Create a debatable thesis statement
Provide background information for sources and evidence
Integrate sources that support or illuminate the focus of the essay
Anticipate possible objections and addresses them
Suggests applicable courses of action/solution
Successfully utilize logos
Successfully utilize ethos
Successfully utilize pathos
Use MLA academic conventions correctly (including the Work Cited Page)
Use appropriate, formal and non-inflammatory language:
Provide transitions to connect paragraphs and sentences within your paragraphs
Use the writing process, including invention, drafting, revising, peer review, and editing strategies
Essay Structure:
The essay must have an introduction that includes the problem, controversy and thesis; background section discussing the history of the problem and unsuccessful approaches; body paragraphs providing evidence, examples, and argument; counter-claims that react to the opposition; a conclusion that states your call of action (what should be done).
Focus:
The focus of this project is a persuasive essay that frames a problem, offers a reason for action, and present a solution in the form of social action while informing and persuading your audience.A  These genres take things beyond simple informational discussions by offering sound ways that the issue can be solved.A 
Audience:
Your audience is any group of people predisposed to disagree with your argument, or any group of people who have not previously acted on this issue in effective ways.A  When writing to this kind of skeptical audience, it is important to use a tone that will make that audience want to agree with you: calm but firm and considerate of other points of view, and extremely knowledgeable.
find at least two (2) primary peer-reviewed sources, two (2) scholarly, peer-reviewed secondary sources and three (3) popular, credible primary or secondary sources.
Outline Template
I. Introduction:
A. Hooka (full sentence, should appeal to Pathos)
Topica (fill in the following questions)
Problem?
Why is it a problem?
So what factor
Controversy?
C. Thesisa (full sentence, at least)

II. Summarization of the Background or History of the problem (include as many examples and sources as you need):
A. Explain what research has already been done
B. What source will you be using as your primary basis for your argument or rebuttal?
C. What solutions may have been already offered? Are they valid? Why or why not?
D. Why should the audience care?

III. Topic 1 (include as many examples and sources as you need):
Topic Sentence:
Example (include source and page number(s)):
Explain the example, how does it prove your argument?

IV. Counter-Claim 1a (each topic does not need to have a counter-claim but is helpful to address all the relevant counter-claims somewhere in your essay)
Topic Sentence:
Example (Include source and page number)
Rebuttal or Concession:

V. Topic 2--(include as many examples and sources as you need):
Topic Sentence:
Example (include source and page number(s)):
Explain the example, how does it prove your argument?

VI. Counter-Claim 2a
Topic Sentence
Example (Include source and page number):
Rebuttal or Concession:

VII. Topic 3--(include as many examples and sources as you need):
Topic Sentence:
Example (include source and page number(s)):
Explain the example, how does it prove your argument?

VIII. Introduce the Solution(s) to the Problem:
Topic Sentence:
Example (with source if necessary):
Explain the example, how does it prove your argument?

VIIII. Conclusion:
What should be done? Reiterate the Solutions
What can we, the audience, do in order to help?
BODY PARAGRAPHS
Body paragraphs for any argumentative essay, generally speaking, contain five components (of course there are exceptions to this rule). They include:

1. TOPIC SENTENCE:
a. A topic sentence that names the criterion to be evaluated in the paragraph and how exactly it will be evaluated (positively or negatively). This is an argumentative statement, and it should be clear and specific enough to focus the entire paragraph.

2. EXPLANATION OF SUPPORT OR MAIN IDEA:
a. An explanation of what your main idea is, how it came to be and if someone else discovered it first.

3. EXAMPLES/SUPPORT:
a. SIGNAL PHRASES:
i. You should always introduce an example with a signal phrase that introduces the author and briefly lists their credentials. After you introduce the author as such the first time, for any following signal phrases you can simply refer to the author.
ii. Example 1: Sherry Turkle, a renowned expert in technology, argues, a?a¦a?(41).
Notice, the reader is able to quickly determine who the author is, her credibility and her expertise with one small phrase.
iii. Example 2: Turkle parallels her argument when she a?a¦a?(41).
Notice, since I had already introduced Turkle I only used her last name as a signal phrase.
b. TYPE OF EXAMPLES/SUPPORT
i. Use paraphrased material with an in-text citation or direct quotes with an in-text citation.
ii. Paraphrased material: Should still have a signal phrase signaling to the reader where you obtained the info but it should restate the authoras information in your own words. Then, depending on your signal phrase, you should write an in-text citation (authoras last name page number)
iii. Direct Quotes: These should be used sparingly because you want to let the reader know that you are thinking and not just re-quoting someone elseas work. But, if you find the a?golden nuggeta? of quotes then simply supply a signal phrase, quotation marks and an in-text citation.

4. EXPLANATION OF EXAMPLES:
a. You need to explain each example because if you do not then the reader might be left wondering why you included the example at all. Do not leave an example a?hanging outa? by itself without an explanation.
b. Tell the reader WHY and HOW that example or support buoys your argument--

5. RELATE BACK TO THESIS:
a. Relate back to your thesis with an explanation of how the source material supports your own argument, followed by a sentence or two clarifying the larger argument being made in the paragraph.
notes to the writer :
I speak English as a second language. I have been speaking English for 3 years so far. Please keep the essay fine but simple.
Also, I need the writer to send me :
the outline before Feb 26 12:00 pm
Rough draft before Feb 28 12:00 pm ( can be messy and not complete)
First draft before March 3 12:00 pm
Final draft before March 5 12:00 pm
Thank you