Rime, Criminology and Modernity (criminology)

Write a 1000 word essay on the following question:

a?Criminological modernism involved a commitment to scientific expertise and informed intervention in aspects of social life thought to be at the root of crime, rather than simply a fixed tariff of penalties for convicted offendersa. Discuss

Using material from weeks one to six of this unit, write an essay of 1,000 words on the following:

You must not treat this as an exercise in condensing everything which you have done in weeks one to six. The question asks you to extract some key themes which underlie this section of the unit. In particularly the relationships between the following;

1. Criminological modernism and science
2. How a commitment to the latter led to a strategy for dealing with crime which addressed what was thought to be its underlying causes. Notably through rehabilitation and welfare strategies.
3. How this challenged the classicist strategy of applying a fixed tariff of penalties to known and what were assumed to be reasoning/responsible offenders.

More specifically you are required to consider the relationship between modernity and science, or modernism and a faith in the ability of science to deliver progress in crime control. And how it came to be a feature of crime control policy for much of the 20th century. This opens with the publication of the Gladstone committee report (1895) which opens what Garland (Punishment and Welfare, 1985) refers to as the a?Era of Criminologya and continues until the 1970as when a more sceptical mood about causal theories spreads amongst both criminologists and policy makers.

This involves a recognition of how developments in the human sciences gave rise to the emergence of criminology and through this an interest in rehabilitation and welfare. Rehabilitation through therapy, education and training was to address what was believed to be the underlying causes of offending amongst the known offender population. Welfare was to address the problem posed by the a?pre-delinquenta through systems of support, observation, surveillance and coercion focussed on families and communities thought to be at risk of producing offenders. Crime was therefore to be addressed through a combination of penalty and welfare as the human sciences informed and allowed for the growth of both agencies of rehabilitative treatment for offenders and welfare amongst those thought to be at risk of offending.

The essay requires that you focus very specifically on points 1 to 3 above whilst the relevant historical period lies between the Gladstone Report and the 1970as when these ideas and the strategies they support come in for increasing criticism.

Remember however that this is a theory question and any reference to concrete policy and historical context must only be illustrative of your theoretical considerations.

I expect to receive a well written essay that is answering all the points above properly in an academic way. Please make sure the essay flows well and the grammar, spelling and punctuation is done correctly on the essay. Please follow the above instructions properly.

The areas of assessment objectives is as following :

1. Knowledge of the topic ideas, concepts and institutions
2. Analysis of issues and an awareness of different viewpoints
3. Evaluation of competing explanations or theories applied to a problem
4. Ability to identify relevant sources of evidence, both empirical and theoretical, and to use these to produce an informative referencing system
5. Skill in the presentation of an answer with accuracy, clarity and coherence.

Please make sure this essays shows clearly all the above points whilst answering the question. When referencing please be extra careful to reference everything properly as I will have to hand this essay in through turnitin.