Riminal Justice or Political Science Applied Research Paper

Annotated Bibliography-[200points]
One Fourth Of Your Final Course Grade

1. Go to the library and select a research intensive criminal justice or political science journal. For the list of possible CJ research journals see en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APA_style )-
b. For assistance with APA Style click here: aspx
d. Also see

5. Read all of cites listed to familiarize yourself with APA style. It will be necessary for your Annotated Bibliographies.

6. This is not a group project (Be advised) and similar articles will be seen as questionable. All assignments are due when class begins on the date they are due. No late assignments will be accepted at all without a university accepted excuse.


Dr. Daniel White
The Model for Criminal Justice Research


I. How to Design an Applied Research Project
1. (Introduction)-problem or objective,
2. (Literature)-literature review,
3. (Purpose of Research)-research questions,
4. (Methodology)-subjects,
5. (Methodology)-measurement,
6. (Methodology)-data collection,
7. (Results, recommendations, & Limitations)-analysis,
8. References

II. How to Design a Research Project
A. (Introduction)-problem or objective,
1. Begins with interests, ideas, theories, or new programs.
2. An initial interest may lead to the formulation of an idea, which may be fit into a larger theory, and the theory may produce new ideas and create new interests.

B. (Literature)-literature review
1. Review research literature, make note of designs used by other researchers.
2. Critique results, research designs, results, conceptualizations, and methods.

C. (Purpose of Research)-research questions
1. After examining the research are there areas for new research?
2. Is there a research query that hasnat been addressed?
3. Is there new knowledge that can be gathered from another study (replicationreliability)?
4. Is there a new direction we research after reading this literature?
5. is there a study that I can do that will extend or improve on what has been done already (with fewer limitations)?
A. Exploration (Chapter 1)
B. Description
C. Explanation
D. Application
1. What specific questions will the research try to answer?
2. What new information is expected?
What exactly is the study?
Why is it worth studying?
Does the study contribute to general understanding of crime or policy responses to crime?
Does it have practical significance?



D. Choice of Research Method
1. Variety of methods have strengths and weaknesses, certain concepts are more appropriately studied by some methods than others.
2. (Methodology)
2. Subjects for study:
a. Whom or what will be studied in order to collect data?
b. Identify subject in general terms, than then specifically identify who (or what) is available for study.
3. Conceptualization-Specify terms and concepts presented in research.
4. Operationalization & Measurement:
a. What are key variables?
b. How will they be defined and measured (What?)?
c. What are the concrete steps, or operations, used to measure specific concepts?
5. Data collection methods:
a. How will data be collected? Survey, secondary data, content analysis, field research, agency records?
6. Population and Sampling
a. Population a (Who?) that group (usually of people) about whom we want to be able to draw conclusions.
b. Sample a individuals that adequately reflect the whole population of interest.
7. Data collection methods:
a. Collecting Observations(Where, When, Why, & How?)
b. Collecting empirical data. How will data actually be collected?

E. Data Analysis & Research Application (Results, Recommendations, & Limitations)
1. Spell out purpose and logic of analysis.
2. Manipulating collected data for the purpose of drawing conclusions that reflect on the interests, ideas, and theories that initiated the inquiry.
3. Results of analysis feed back into initial interests, ideas, and theories.
4. Feedback may initiate another cycle of inquiry.
5. Communicating findings so others will know what you have learned.
6. Consider what research suggests with regard to further research.

F. References:
a. List of all materials consulted and cited in research (APA Style).