Riminology (Risk & Security Management)

Question:
Technological developments such as chip-and-pin systems can only address fraud and related crimes at the margins, because the issues and problems are fundamentally social rather than technological Evaluate this proposition and consider its implications for the role of the security manager.

Guidance:
This question is asking you to think about whether it is important to understand the reasons why people commit fraud and other related crimes and you will need to consider what is meant by social issues and problems. You can then look at how this approach contrasts with the use of technological developments. Do these developments only manage to prevent crime at the margins? The second part of the question asks you to consider the implications of your conclusion for the security manager. How difficult is it for security managers to deal with the social causes of crime? What kind of actions would that mean s/he had to take? What are the implications of technological developments having a very limited effect on reducing crime? You need only to mention two of three examples of technological developments do not take up too much space in the essay describing these.

Required reading:
Morris,S.(2005)Security implimentation in a computer environment: people not products in Gill,M.(Ed.) Crime at Work Vol 1: studies in security and crime prevention. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 203 209

Butler,G.(2005)Shoplifters Views on Security:Lessons for Crime Prevention in Gill,M.(Ed.) Crime at Work Vol 1: studies in security and crime prevention. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 56 72.

Other useful readings:
Gill,M.(Ed.)(2006)The Handbook of Security Basingstoke:Palgrave Macmillan. PartII and Part III

Centre for Retail Research (2007) Retail Crime and Fraud
sj/journal/v20/n1/full/8350048a.html (accessed 22.10.07)

Note:
There is no requirement for a bibliography only a reference list please.