RIMINOLOGY(UNIT: SEX and CRIME ) Major research essay

***This unit examines the intersection of sex and crime and the role gender stereotypes play in the operations of the criminal justice system. The subject uses key critical criminological and feminist theories to explore how social norms of femininity and masculinity produce particular sexed understandings of crime and criminality. It provides practical interpretative skills to enable students to apply these theoretical insights to the criminal justice system, to popular and media representations of crime and to the development of public policy. Topics include: sex and the nature of crime; gender and policing; femininity, masculinity and violence; family violence; constructions of rape.**

**i will upload UNIT GUIDE (for further details and base info of what this unit is about) and MSword version of questions below.
this is instruction given by lecturer
Details of task:

The Major Research Essay is designed to develop your research skills and your capacity for independent learning. In your argument, you will be able to demonstrate your knowledge of key theoretical frameworks in the areas studied throughout the semester and show your capacity to express a critically informed position on one of the topics given.

Your argument will be based on sound independent research. Presentation a including appropriate citation of relevant material and expression a will be very important to this task.

This is a RESEARCH essay and therefore must include references from a range of
sources including the required reading list for this unit. The required reading list is a great
place to start but these cannot form the SOLE basis of your response. Sole reliance on
non-academic internet sources (eg. Wikipedia) is also not acceptable.

**students must answer ONE of the following questions:

1) The criminal law regulates sexuality. It does so not only in the specific offences it defines and punishes, but also by setting the norms by which all of society is supposed to operate”.

Critically discuss this proposition by examining recent cases of sexual assault where teachers have engaged in sexual activities with students (eg. Karen Ellis, Gavin Hopper etc.). Are there differences in how female and male teachers have been dealt with? If so, why do you think these differences arise?

2) The Preventing Violence Before It OccursFramework for Action (VicHealth December 2007) states that [t]he causes of interpersonal violence affecting women are complex, but suggests that while a number of factors are determinants in incidences of violence (such as alcohol, illicit drug use or childhood exposure to violence), many men affected by these determinants are not violent.
Many of these factors, it is argued, become significant primarily when they interact with broader norms pertaining to gender roles and identities.
From your readings, outline how gendered stereotypes and assumptions have become entrenched within the criminal justice system and provide justifications or excuses for interpersonal violence (eg. rape, domestic violence or intimate partner homicide etc.).


3) Research conducted for the government shows a dramatic rise in juvenile crime since 1999, with girls in particular displaying a deterioration in behaviour(Enda Leahy, Sharp rise in crime by Ladetteteenage girls, The Sunday Times 3 July 2005).
Explore this notion focusing on news reports of girls violence. Describe the different ways that young women are viewed in these reports and how gender stereotypes underpin the implicit assumptions being made in these reports.