Ristotle, Cicero and Aelreds one-self theory

Aristotle, Cicero, and Aelred all refer to the friend as another self. What does this phrase mean to various writers? Why do we need a?another self.a? Isnat one a?selfa? sufficient? Why would we want a friend who was a perfect replica of ourselves? In these texts, is friendship based on narcissism, proceeding from self-love? It is often said in theoretical terms that narcissism simply proceeds from a fear of being loved or desired. Does friendship in these texts create such a space or gap between friends, or do the identities merge? Which word receives more emphasis in these texts: a?another selfa? or a?another selfa?? Whatas the difference? How does the friend envisioned as another self affect the commonplaces of friendship such as equality, reciprocity, and love in these texts? Does Christianity change the idea of another self? If so, how? Explore.